open access

Vol 79, No 1 (2020)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2019-04-19
Submitted: 2019-03-15
Accepted: 2019-04-09
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Sella turcica and craniofacial morphology in patients with palatally displaced canines: a retrospective study

M. Tepedino, M. Laurenziello, L. Guida, G. Montaruli, V. Grassia, C. Chimenti, M. Campanelli, D. Ciavarella
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2019.0050
·
Pubmed: 31025699
·
Folia Morphol 2020;79(1):51-57.

open access

Vol 79, No 1 (2020)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2019-04-19
Submitted: 2019-03-15
Accepted: 2019-04-09

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the sella and craniofacial morphological features in growing patients with palatally displaced canines compared to controls.

Materials and methods: Twenty-two subjects with palatally displaced canines were retrospectively selected and compared to 22 controls matched for age and gender. Lateral cephalograms were collected and sagittal and vertical cephalometric variables were measured, together with sella interclinoid distance, sella depth, and sella diameter. The independent samples T-test or Mann-Whitney U-test were used to compare all the variables between the two groups. A Pearson correlation was computed for the craniofacial and sella variables that differed significantly (p < 0.05) between the groups.

Results: Patients with palatally displaced canines showed a smaller interclinoid distance and a greater SNA angle than control subjects. The interclinoid distance and the SNA angle were negatively correlated (–0.52, p = 0.017) in the experimental group.

Conclusions: Growing patients with palatally displaced canines had smaller sella interclinoid distances and a greater SNA angle than control subjects.

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the sella and craniofacial morphological features in growing patients with palatally displaced canines compared to controls.

Materials and methods: Twenty-two subjects with palatally displaced canines were retrospectively selected and compared to 22 controls matched for age and gender. Lateral cephalograms were collected and sagittal and vertical cephalometric variables were measured, together with sella interclinoid distance, sella depth, and sella diameter. The independent samples T-test or Mann-Whitney U-test were used to compare all the variables between the two groups. A Pearson correlation was computed for the craniofacial and sella variables that differed significantly (p < 0.05) between the groups.

Results: Patients with palatally displaced canines showed a smaller interclinoid distance and a greater SNA angle than control subjects. The interclinoid distance and the SNA angle were negatively correlated (–0.52, p = 0.017) in the experimental group.

Conclusions: Growing patients with palatally displaced canines had smaller sella interclinoid distances and a greater SNA angle than control subjects.

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Keywords

canine impaction, impacted teeth, impacted tooth, impacted canine, sella turcica

About this article
Title

Sella turcica and craniofacial morphology in patients with palatally displaced canines: a retrospective study

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 79, No 1 (2020)

Pages

51-57

Published online

2019-04-19

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2019.0050

Pubmed

31025699

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2020;79(1):51-57.

Keywords

canine impaction
impacted teeth
impacted tooth
impacted canine
sella turcica

Authors

M. Tepedino
M. Laurenziello
L. Guida
G. Montaruli
V. Grassia
C. Chimenti
M. Campanelli
D. Ciavarella

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