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Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2018-11-14
Submitted: 2018-10-08
Accepted: 2018-11-04
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Volumetric and three-dimensional examination of sella turcica by cone-beam computed tomography: reference data for guidance to pathologic pituitary morphology

Lale Taner, Fatma Deniz Uzuner, Oguzhan Demirel, Kahraman Gungor
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2018.0106
·
Pubmed: 30444524

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2018-11-14
Submitted: 2018-10-08
Accepted: 2018-11-04

Abstract

Background: To assess the dimensions and volume of sella turcica in healthy Caucasian adults with normal occlusion and facial appearance from cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) images.

Materials and Methods: CBCT images of 80 Caucasian adult patients (40 males, 40 females) with normal facial appearance and occlusion taken previously for diagnostic purposes were evaluated. Two groups were constructed in accordance to gender. The volume, length, diameter, and depth of the sella turcica were measured by Romexis software program. Mann Whitney U test and Independent t-tests were used for statistical analysis.

Results: The mean lengths of the sella were 9.9mm and 10.2mm, depths were 9.2mm and 8.8mm and diameters were 12.3mm and 12.1mm in female and male groups, respectively. Between the genders, no statistically significant differences were found for any of the measurements. There were significantly higher values for the volume of sella turcica in males than in females (1102±285.3mm3 and 951.3±278.5mm3 respectively).

Conclusion: The dimensions of sella turcica in healthy caucasian adults with normal occlusion and facial appearance revealed nonsignificant interdifferences of the genders. Individual variability in dimensions and gender differences in the volume are of importance in comparison of patients with craniofacial syndromes and aberrations. Knowledge concerning the dimensions and volume of sella turcica will be clinically relevant for a guidance to consciously realize pituitary disorders.

Abstract

Background: To assess the dimensions and volume of sella turcica in healthy Caucasian adults with normal occlusion and facial appearance from cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) images.

Materials and Methods: CBCT images of 80 Caucasian adult patients (40 males, 40 females) with normal facial appearance and occlusion taken previously for diagnostic purposes were evaluated. Two groups were constructed in accordance to gender. The volume, length, diameter, and depth of the sella turcica were measured by Romexis software program. Mann Whitney U test and Independent t-tests were used for statistical analysis.

Results: The mean lengths of the sella were 9.9mm and 10.2mm, depths were 9.2mm and 8.8mm and diameters were 12.3mm and 12.1mm in female and male groups, respectively. Between the genders, no statistically significant differences were found for any of the measurements. There were significantly higher values for the volume of sella turcica in males than in females (1102±285.3mm3 and 951.3±278.5mm3 respectively).

Conclusion: The dimensions of sella turcica in healthy caucasian adults with normal occlusion and facial appearance revealed nonsignificant interdifferences of the genders. Individual variability in dimensions and gender differences in the volume are of importance in comparison of patients with craniofacial syndromes and aberrations. Knowledge concerning the dimensions and volume of sella turcica will be clinically relevant for a guidance to consciously realize pituitary disorders.

Get Citation

Keywords

sella turcica size, sella turcica volume, Turkish saddle, cone beam computed tomography, adult, gender differences

About this article
Title

Volumetric and three-dimensional examination of sella turcica by cone-beam computed tomography: reference data for guidance to pathologic pituitary morphology

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Published online

2018-11-14

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2018.0106

Pubmed

30444524

Keywords

sella turcica size
sella turcica volume
Turkish saddle
cone beam computed tomography
adult
gender differences

Authors

Lale Taner
Fatma Deniz Uzuner
Oguzhan Demirel
Kahraman Gungor

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