open access

Vol 75, No 3 (2016)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2015-12-04
Submitted: 2015-06-15
Accepted: 2015-10-27
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Anthropometric and physiologic assessment in sleep apnoea patients regarding body fat distribution

J. Wysocki, A. Charuta, K. Kowalcze, I. Ptaszyńska-Sarosiek
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2015.0127
·
Pubmed: 26711651
·
Folia Morphol 2016;75(3):393-399.

open access

Vol 75, No 3 (2016)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2015-12-04
Submitted: 2015-06-15
Accepted: 2015-10-27

Abstract

Background: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is characterised by repeated episodes of pauses in breathing during sleep due to obstruction of the upper airway that result in transient hypoxaemia, sleep fragmentation and long-term cardiovascular disease. The most common risk factors for OSA include: obesity, age over 50 and neck circumference of more than 41 cm for females and more than 43 cm in males. Sleep apnoea is more common in men than in women. The aim of the conducted research was to evaluate relations between the anthropometric features connected with adipose tissue distribution and the severity of OSA.

Materials and methods: The study was carried out on 180 patients (144 males and 36 females) diagnosed with OSA syndrome. The standard sleep parameters obtained from night polysomnography as well as skin-fat fold thickness and neck circumference and waist-to-hip ratio were analysed. Statistical analysis was performed using STATISTICA 10.

Results: It was stated that anthropometric parameters connected with the accu­mulation of adipose tissue in upper body were significantly related to severity of OSA in males (p ≤ 0.05). Body mass index (BMI) was significantly correlated with severity of OSA in females (p ≤ 0.05).

Conclusions: In males, there is a connection between the severity of OSA, BMI and a higher accumulation of adipose tissue in upper part of the body measured by neck circumference and shoulder thickness of skin-fat folds, whereas in females only by BMI.

Abstract

Background: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is characterised by repeated episodes of pauses in breathing during sleep due to obstruction of the upper airway that result in transient hypoxaemia, sleep fragmentation and long-term cardiovascular disease. The most common risk factors for OSA include: obesity, age over 50 and neck circumference of more than 41 cm for females and more than 43 cm in males. Sleep apnoea is more common in men than in women. The aim of the conducted research was to evaluate relations between the anthropometric features connected with adipose tissue distribution and the severity of OSA.

Materials and methods: The study was carried out on 180 patients (144 males and 36 females) diagnosed with OSA syndrome. The standard sleep parameters obtained from night polysomnography as well as skin-fat fold thickness and neck circumference and waist-to-hip ratio were analysed. Statistical analysis was performed using STATISTICA 10.

Results: It was stated that anthropometric parameters connected with the accu­mulation of adipose tissue in upper body were significantly related to severity of OSA in males (p ≤ 0.05). Body mass index (BMI) was significantly correlated with severity of OSA in females (p ≤ 0.05).

Conclusions: In males, there is a connection between the severity of OSA, BMI and a higher accumulation of adipose tissue in upper part of the body measured by neck circumference and shoulder thickness of skin-fat folds, whereas in females only by BMI.

Get Citation

Keywords

obstructive sleep apnoea, apnoea-hypopnoea index, SO2nadir, anthropometric assessment, obesity

About this article
Title

Anthropometric and physiologic assessment in sleep apnoea patients regarding body fat distribution

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 75, No 3 (2016)

Pages

393-399

Published online

2015-12-04

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2015.0127

Pubmed

26711651

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2016;75(3):393-399.

Keywords

obstructive sleep apnoea
apnoea-hypopnoea index
SO2nadir
anthropometric assessment
obesity

Authors

J. Wysocki
A. Charuta
K. Kowalcze
I. Ptaszyńska-Sarosiek

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