open access

Vol 75, No 2 (2016)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2015-09-17
Submitted: 2015-06-09
Accepted: 2015-06-22
Get Citation

Persistent jugulocephalic vein: case report including commentaries on distribution of valves, blood flow direction and embryology

G. Wysiadecki, M. Polguj, M. Topol
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2015.0084
·
Pubmed: 26383511
·
Folia Morphol 2016;75(2):271-274.

open access

Vol 75, No 2 (2016)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2015-09-17
Submitted: 2015-06-09
Accepted: 2015-06-22

Abstract

This paper is a detailed case study of the persistent anastomotic channel between the cephalic vein and the external jugular vein, running anterior to the clavicle, corresponding to the jugulocephalic vein present at early stages of the ontogenesis in humans. This connection is not only a relic of early foetal development seldom occurring in adults, but it may also be of clinical significance, increasing the risk of complications during the cephalic vein catheterisation, clavicular fractures or head and neck surgery. The novelty in this paper was to determine the presence and distribution of valves within the persistent jugulocephalic vein. Three bicuspid venous valves were found that allowed the blood to flow only in one direction — from the cephalic vein to the external jugular vein. The anastomosis between the persistent jugulocephalic vein and the thoracoacromial veins was additionally present. Due to lack of similar data in the literature, further research should be performed on the presence and distribution of the venous valves in various types of the persistent jugulocephalic vein in humans.

Abstract

This paper is a detailed case study of the persistent anastomotic channel between the cephalic vein and the external jugular vein, running anterior to the clavicle, corresponding to the jugulocephalic vein present at early stages of the ontogenesis in humans. This connection is not only a relic of early foetal development seldom occurring in adults, but it may also be of clinical significance, increasing the risk of complications during the cephalic vein catheterisation, clavicular fractures or head and neck surgery. The novelty in this paper was to determine the presence and distribution of valves within the persistent jugulocephalic vein. Three bicuspid venous valves were found that allowed the blood to flow only in one direction — from the cephalic vein to the external jugular vein. The anastomosis between the persistent jugulocephalic vein and the thoracoacromial veins was additionally present. Due to lack of similar data in the literature, further research should be performed on the presence and distribution of the venous valves in various types of the persistent jugulocephalic vein in humans.

Get Citation

Keywords

cephalic vein, cephalic vein catheterisation, external jugular vein, venous valves

About this article
Title

Persistent jugulocephalic vein: case report including commentaries on distribution of valves, blood flow direction and embryology

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 75, No 2 (2016)

Pages

271-274

Published online

2015-09-17

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2015.0084

Pubmed

26383511

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2016;75(2):271-274.

Keywords

cephalic vein
cephalic vein catheterisation
external jugular vein
venous valves

Authors

G. Wysiadecki
M. Polguj
M. Topol

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