open access

Vol 73, No 1 (2014)
REVIEW ARTICLES
Published online: 2014-02-27
Submitted: 2013-07-16
Accepted: 2013-08-23
Get Citation

Simulation techniques in the anatomy curriculum: review of literature

K. Torres, A. Torres, Ł. Pietrzyk, J. Lisiecka, M. Błoński, M. Bącik-Donica, G. Staśkiewicz, R. Maciejewski
DOI: 10.5603/FM.2014.0001
·
Folia Morphol 2014;73(1):1-6.

open access

Vol 73, No 1 (2014)
REVIEW ARTICLES
Published online: 2014-02-27
Submitted: 2013-07-16
Accepted: 2013-08-23

Abstract

Modern medical education faces a problem of combining the latest technology, procedures and information with classic teaching methods. Simulation is a technique, which replaces or amplifies doctor–patient experiences in controlled conditions and therefore evokes or replicates substantial aspects of the real world in a fully interactive manner. The basic course of anatomy in medical education could be recognised as the best example of implementing new educational techniques such as simulation, into the traditional medical curriculum. The PubMed database was searched using specific key words. Finally 72 articles were accepted and were divided into 3 basic categories of teaching methods: Category 1 — cadaveric dissection, Category 2 — simulator based education and Category 3 — other. A state of the art anatomical curriculum offers numerous possibilities and solutions including the oldest like cadaveric dissection and newest like simulators. Different simulation techniques are used with different intensity; however cadaveric dissection is still the most popular method. The second most frequent method is simulation-based training, in which North America is the leading country. The identification of anatomical structures during virtual surgical procedures or laparoscopic robotic procedures can be integrated into the traditional anatomy course. New technologies are supportive and beneficial in anatomy teaching however each excitement of new technologies sometimes should be tempered and evaluated for its usefulness in making the learning process constructive for students and their future practice.

Abstract

Modern medical education faces a problem of combining the latest technology, procedures and information with classic teaching methods. Simulation is a technique, which replaces or amplifies doctor–patient experiences in controlled conditions and therefore evokes or replicates substantial aspects of the real world in a fully interactive manner. The basic course of anatomy in medical education could be recognised as the best example of implementing new educational techniques such as simulation, into the traditional medical curriculum. The PubMed database was searched using specific key words. Finally 72 articles were accepted and were divided into 3 basic categories of teaching methods: Category 1 — cadaveric dissection, Category 2 — simulator based education and Category 3 — other. A state of the art anatomical curriculum offers numerous possibilities and solutions including the oldest like cadaveric dissection and newest like simulators. Different simulation techniques are used with different intensity; however cadaveric dissection is still the most popular method. The second most frequent method is simulation-based training, in which North America is the leading country. The identification of anatomical structures during virtual surgical procedures or laparoscopic robotic procedures can be integrated into the traditional anatomy course. New technologies are supportive and beneficial in anatomy teaching however each excitement of new technologies sometimes should be tempered and evaluated for its usefulness in making the learning process constructive for students and their future practice.

Get Citation

Keywords

anatomy, simulation, cadaver, dissection, medical students

About this article
Title

Simulation techniques in the anatomy curriculum: review of literature

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 73, No 1 (2014)

Pages

1-6

Published online

2014-02-27

DOI

10.5603/FM.2014.0001

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2014;73(1):1-6.

Keywords

anatomy
simulation
cadaver
dissection
medical students

Authors

K. Torres
A. Torres
Ł. Pietrzyk
J. Lisiecka
M. Błoński
M. Bącik-Donica
G. Staśkiewicz
R. Maciejewski

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl