Vol 71, No 3 (2012)
Original article
Published online: 2012-08-31

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The location of the infraorbital foramen in human skulls to used a new anthropometric landmarks as a usefull method for maxillofacial surgery

A. Przygocka, K. Jędrzejewski, M. Topol, M. Polguj
Folia Morphol 2012;71(3):198-204.


The aim of the study was to determine the localization of the infraorbital foramen in relation to chosen anthropometric landmarks as novel reference points: nasion, rhinion and frontomalare orbitale, and to verify their symmetry.
Sixty-four sides of thirty-two human skulls were investigated. The distances between the infraorbital foramina and nasion, rhinion, frontomalare orbitale, and the distances between two contralateral infraorbital foramens were measured. The symmetry was analyzed and statistical analysis was performed.
The mean distance and standard deviation (mean±SD) between the right infraorbital foramen and the nasion, rhinion and right frontomalare orbitale were 45.23±3.20 mm,
39.84±1.72 mm, 36.28±1.50 mm, respectively, and between the left infraorbital foramen and the nasion, rhinion and left frontomalare orbitale were 44.38±2.76 mm, 38.88±2.01 mm, and 36.31±2.19 mm, respectively.
The results presented in this study may be particularly helpful for surgery in patients with oedema of the infraorbital region when the other landmarks are difficult to localize.

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