Vol 57, No 3 (1998)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2000-01-17
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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Mastoid emissary in Indian skulls

Piasecki K, Wysocki S
Folia Morphol 1998;57(3):268-274.
Vol 57, No 3 (1998)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2000-01-17
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

Two hundred and eleven Indian skulls originating from medieval times, South of Peru, were studied in respect to variability of the mastoid emissary. Occurrence and localization of the external orifice of the mastoid emissary were studied in three distinct and well-separated populations, living in the three different places: Villa el Salvador, Tablada de Lurin and Paracas. Most of the skulls presented considerable degree of artificial deformation. External orifice of the mastoid emissary was multiple in most of the skulls, especially in Villa el Salvador and Paracas populations. Mastoid emissaries in Indian were situated generally higher than in European, especially regarding the Paracas population, Significant sex differences were present in this material, regarded as a whole (summarized results for the three populations), what is in agreement with previous observations on European skulls. It indicates that even in cases of relatively deep deformation, some characteristic features of sex dimorphism of the human skull are noticeable. Additionally, the three studied populations, which were well separated from, each other and lived alone, differed significantly regarding localization of the mastoid emissaries.

Abstract

Two hundred and eleven Indian skulls originating from medieval times, South of Peru, were studied in respect to variability of the mastoid emissary. Occurrence and localization of the external orifice of the mastoid emissary were studied in three distinct and well-separated populations, living in the three different places: Villa el Salvador, Tablada de Lurin and Paracas. Most of the skulls presented considerable degree of artificial deformation. External orifice of the mastoid emissary was multiple in most of the skulls, especially in Villa el Salvador and Paracas populations. Mastoid emissaries in Indian were situated generally higher than in European, especially regarding the Paracas population, Significant sex differences were present in this material, regarded as a whole (summarized results for the three populations), what is in agreement with previous observations on European skulls. It indicates that even in cases of relatively deep deformation, some characteristic features of sex dimorphism of the human skull are noticeable. Additionally, the three studied populations, which were well separated from, each other and lived alone, differed significantly regarding localization of the mastoid emissaries.
Get Citation

Keywords

Indian skull. Morphometry. Mastoid foramen.

About this article
Title

Mastoid emissary in Indian skulls

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 57, No 3 (1998)

Pages

268-274

Published online

2000-01-17

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 1998;57(3):268-274.

Keywords

Indian skull. Morphometry. Mastoid foramen.

Authors

Piasecki K
Wysocki S

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