Vol 57, No 4 (1998)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2000-02-08
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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A biometric study on the relationships between the deep palmar arch and the superficial palmar arch, the distal wirst and palmar creases

Olave E, Gabrielli C, Del Sol N, Rodriques CFS, Prates JC
Folia Morphol 1998;57(4):383-388.
Vol 57, No 4 (1998)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2000-02-08
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

The topographical localisation of the palmar arches is important in hand surgery.The aim of this study was to contribute with biometric data on their positions and to correlate this with the size of the palm. We studied 60 hands of 30 adult fixed cadavers of Brazilian origin, from both sexes and between the ages of 2l and 70 years. The arteries of 54 hands were injected with latex Neoprene. Before dissection the distance between distal wrist crease (DWC) and the proximal palmar digital crease of the middle finger (PDMC) was measured. Also, we recorded the distance between the DWC and the proximal and distal palmar creases (PPC, DPC). After dissecting the superficial palmar region, the distance between the superficial palmar arch (SPA) and the DWC was recorder. We then dissected the deep palmar arch (DPA). The average distance between the DPA and DWC was always measured in the midline of the palm. The average distance DWC-DPA was 33,7 ± 2.6 mm in the female and 36 ± 4,0 mm in the male. The difference was statistically significant. The average distance between DPA and the PPC was 24,2 ± 3.0 mm in the female and 27,1 ± 4,1 mm in the male; this difference was significant. In 83% of cases the DPA was proximal to the SPA and in l4,9% was distal to it. The linear regression test for the relation between DWC-PDMC and DWC-DPA was significant in the male and this fact allowed us to obtain the linear equation to predict the distance DWC-DPA. Other parameters were also considered. The results may be useful as a reference to radiologists as well as to surgeons.

Abstract

The topographical localisation of the palmar arches is important in hand surgery.The aim of this study was to contribute with biometric data on their positions and to correlate this with the size of the palm. We studied 60 hands of 30 adult fixed cadavers of Brazilian origin, from both sexes and between the ages of 2l and 70 years. The arteries of 54 hands were injected with latex Neoprene. Before dissection the distance between distal wrist crease (DWC) and the proximal palmar digital crease of the middle finger (PDMC) was measured. Also, we recorded the distance between the DWC and the proximal and distal palmar creases (PPC, DPC). After dissecting the superficial palmar region, the distance between the superficial palmar arch (SPA) and the DWC was recorder. We then dissected the deep palmar arch (DPA). The average distance between the DPA and DWC was always measured in the midline of the palm. The average distance DWC-DPA was 33,7 ± 2.6 mm in the female and 36 ± 4,0 mm in the male. The difference was statistically significant. The average distance between DPA and the PPC was 24,2 ± 3.0 mm in the female and 27,1 ± 4,1 mm in the male; this difference was significant. In 83% of cases the DPA was proximal to the SPA and in l4,9% was distal to it. The linear regression test for the relation between DWC-PDMC and DWC-DPA was significant in the male and this fact allowed us to obtain the linear equation to predict the distance DWC-DPA. Other parameters were also considered. The results may be useful as a reference to radiologists as well as to surgeons.
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Keywords

Deep palmar arch. Biometric study.

About this article
Title

A biometric study on the relationships between the deep palmar arch and the superficial palmar arch, the distal wirst and palmar creases

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 57, No 4 (1998)

Pages

383-388

Published online

2000-02-08

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 1998;57(4):383-388.

Keywords

Deep palmar arch. Biometric study.

Authors

Olave E
Gabrielli C
Del Sol N
Rodriques CFS
Prates JC

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