open access

Vol 61, No 3 (2002)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2002-05-23
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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Asymmetry of the ovale and spinous foramina in mediaeval and contemporary sculls in radiological examinations

Iwona Teul, Florian Czerwiński, Aleksandra Gawlikowska, Violetta Konstanty-Kurkiewicz, Grzegorz Sławiński
Folia Morphol 2002;61(3):147-152.

open access

Vol 61, No 3 (2002)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2002-05-23
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

The aim of this work was to evaluate the morphology and asymmetry of the ovale and spinous foramina. Examinations were carried out on 102 mediaeval and 85 contemporary male skulls. In both groups there predominated individuals who had died at mature (maturus) and adult (adultus) age. Radiological images in occipital projection were used in the study. Areas of the foramina ovale, distances between both openings and the distance from the midline running through the middle of the occipital foramen were calculated by means of PC software. The spinal foramen area could not be measured because of the too small surface accessible to the PC software used in our study. Correlation between the above measurements and cranial indexes (width-length and height-length) were calculated.
Significant variety of the ovale and spinous foramina in size, shape, relation to each other and to the midline were analysed. Asymmetry of structure and location was observed in both examined groups of skulls. No cases of the lack of the ovale and spinous foramina were stated.

Abstract

The aim of this work was to evaluate the morphology and asymmetry of the ovale and spinous foramina. Examinations were carried out on 102 mediaeval and 85 contemporary male skulls. In both groups there predominated individuals who had died at mature (maturus) and adult (adultus) age. Radiological images in occipital projection were used in the study. Areas of the foramina ovale, distances between both openings and the distance from the midline running through the middle of the occipital foramen were calculated by means of PC software. The spinal foramen area could not be measured because of the too small surface accessible to the PC software used in our study. Correlation between the above measurements and cranial indexes (width-length and height-length) were calculated.
Significant variety of the ovale and spinous foramina in size, shape, relation to each other and to the midline were analysed. Asymmetry of structure and location was observed in both examined groups of skulls. No cases of the lack of the ovale and spinous foramina were stated.
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Keywords

skull asymmetry; foramen ovale; foramen rotundum

About this article
Title

Asymmetry of the ovale and spinous foramina in mediaeval and contemporary sculls in radiological examinations

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 61, No 3 (2002)

Pages

147-152

Published online

2002-05-23

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2002;61(3):147-152.

Keywords

skull asymmetry
foramen ovale
foramen rotundum

Authors

Iwona Teul
Florian Czerwiński
Aleksandra Gawlikowska
Violetta Konstanty-Kurkiewicz
Grzegorz Sławiński

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