open access

Vol 62, No 3 (2003)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2003-06-09
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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The morphological appearance of the palatine torus in the Cracovian skulls (XV-XVIII century)

Janusz Skrzat, Dominika Holiat, Jerzy Walocha
Folia Morphol 2003;62(3):183-186.

open access

Vol 62, No 3 (2003)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2003-06-09
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

The paper presents a morphological analysis of the palatine torus of the Cracovian skull dated from XV-XVIIIth century. The cranial collection analysed comprised 98 skulls with the hard palate preserved but only 27 male and 28 female skulls showed the palatine torus. The length, breadth and height of the palatine torus were measured, and a visual inspection of the position and form of the torus was performed. Our findings suggest that most typical of the skulls analysed is a medium-sized mound-shaped palatine torus in an antero-posterior position, which means that the torus occupies the palatal processes of the maxilla and the horizontal plates of the palatine bones along the mid-palatal suture. Mean parameters of the palatine torus were established as: length - 25.7 mm (male) and 28.3 mm (female), width - 10.8 mm (male) and 10.2 mm (female), height 2.7 (male) and 3.2 mm (female). There are no significant differences between mean values of the parameters of the palatine torus.

Abstract

The paper presents a morphological analysis of the palatine torus of the Cracovian skull dated from XV-XVIIIth century. The cranial collection analysed comprised 98 skulls with the hard palate preserved but only 27 male and 28 female skulls showed the palatine torus. The length, breadth and height of the palatine torus were measured, and a visual inspection of the position and form of the torus was performed. Our findings suggest that most typical of the skulls analysed is a medium-sized mound-shaped palatine torus in an antero-posterior position, which means that the torus occupies the palatal processes of the maxilla and the horizontal plates of the palatine bones along the mid-palatal suture. Mean parameters of the palatine torus were established as: length - 25.7 mm (male) and 28.3 mm (female), width - 10.8 mm (male) and 10.2 mm (female), height 2.7 (male) and 3.2 mm (female). There are no significant differences between mean values of the parameters of the palatine torus.
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Keywords

palatine torus; torus palatinus; hard palate

About this article
Title

The morphological appearance of the palatine torus in the Cracovian skulls (XV-XVIII century)

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 62, No 3 (2003)

Pages

183-186

Published online

2003-06-09

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2003;62(3):183-186.

Keywords

palatine torus
torus palatinus
hard palate

Authors

Janusz Skrzat
Dominika Holiat
Jerzy Walocha

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