open access

Vol 62, No 4 (2003)
Short Communications
Published online: 2003-09-05
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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The range of motion of the cervical spine in children aged from 3 to 7 years - an electrogoniometric study

Jacek Lewandowski, Paweł Szulc
Folia Morphol 2003;62(4):459-461.

open access

Vol 62, No 4 (2003)
Short Communications
Published online: 2003-09-05
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

The aim of the study has been to evaluate the range of motion of the cervical spine in relation to the age of the participants, and to determine the dimorphic and asymmetrical differences in the range of motion in pre-determined age categories. The study involved 300 children (150 girls and 150 boys) aged from 3 to 7 years, and tensiometric electrogoniometry was used to evaluate the range of cervical spine motion. The highest amplitude of cervical spine motion could be observed in the transverse plane and this was followed by that of the sagittal plane, with frontal plane motion being the lowest. The dynamics of the cervical spine motion changes were characterised by the presence of two distinct periods of motion increase - between years 2 and 3 and between years 6 and 7; the other periods were characterised by a decrease in cervical spine motion. The dimorphic and asymmetrical differences proved statistically insignificant.

Abstract

The aim of the study has been to evaluate the range of motion of the cervical spine in relation to the age of the participants, and to determine the dimorphic and asymmetrical differences in the range of motion in pre-determined age categories. The study involved 300 children (150 girls and 150 boys) aged from 3 to 7 years, and tensiometric electrogoniometry was used to evaluate the range of cervical spine motion. The highest amplitude of cervical spine motion could be observed in the transverse plane and this was followed by that of the sagittal plane, with frontal plane motion being the lowest. The dynamics of the cervical spine motion changes were characterised by the presence of two distinct periods of motion increase - between years 2 and 3 and between years 6 and 7; the other periods were characterised by a decrease in cervical spine motion. The dimorphic and asymmetrical differences proved statistically insignificant.
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Keywords

cervical spine; range of motion; electrogoniometry; child

About this article
Title

The range of motion of the cervical spine in children aged from 3 to 7 years - an electrogoniometric study

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 62, No 4 (2003)

Pages

459-461

Published online

2003-09-05

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2003;62(4):459-461.

Keywords

cervical spine
range of motion
electrogoniometry
child

Authors

Jacek Lewandowski
Paweł Szulc

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