open access

Vol 63, No 3 (2004)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2004-06-04
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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The pancreaticoduodenal arteries in human foetal development

E Krakowiak-Sarnowska, P Flisiński, M Szpinda, M Flisiński, J Sarnowski
Folia Morphol 2004;63(3):281-284.

open access

Vol 63, No 3 (2004)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2004-06-04
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

Knowledge of the course of the pancreaticoduodenal arteries is of great importance in pancreatic surgery. Lack of care in the preparation of these vessels may lead to ischaemia or necrosis of the duodenum, the first loop of the jejunum, the head of the pancreas and even the liver, bile ducts and transverse colon. In such events, the surgeon would need to diagnose the course of the vessels and their anastomoses intraoperatively. Anatomical dissection in this special area diminishes the risk of early complications in the form of bleeding and late complications in the form of narrowing of the anastomoses, fistulas, necrosis and intestinal ileus after surgical resection or drainage. The aim of the present study was to determine the variability of the pancreaticoduodenal arteries in human foetuses. The material examined consisted of 60 human foetuses of both sexes (33 male, 27 female) from spontaneous abortion or stillbirth and ranging in age from the 16th to 38th week of prenatal life. White latex solution to of volume between 15 ml and 30 ml was injected into the thoracic aorta. The results of this were that a typical pancreatic supply from the coeliac trunk and superior mesenteric artery was observed in all cases. The coeliac trunk, splenic artery and gastroduodenal artery also appeared invariably. However, variability was observed in further generations of branches. The gastroduodenal artery with its branches, the anterior and posterior pancreaticoduodenal arteries, was constantly present. Irrespective of the sex of the foetus, in 10% of cases a large vessel was observed which ran horizontally on the anterior surface of the pancreas from head to tail and which originated in the anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery. We termed this vessel the "anterior pancreatic artery". In all cases there were anterior and posterior pancreaticoduodenal arcades, but in two cases (3.3%) a double anterior pancreaticoduodenal arcade was observed.

Abstract

Knowledge of the course of the pancreaticoduodenal arteries is of great importance in pancreatic surgery. Lack of care in the preparation of these vessels may lead to ischaemia or necrosis of the duodenum, the first loop of the jejunum, the head of the pancreas and even the liver, bile ducts and transverse colon. In such events, the surgeon would need to diagnose the course of the vessels and their anastomoses intraoperatively. Anatomical dissection in this special area diminishes the risk of early complications in the form of bleeding and late complications in the form of narrowing of the anastomoses, fistulas, necrosis and intestinal ileus after surgical resection or drainage. The aim of the present study was to determine the variability of the pancreaticoduodenal arteries in human foetuses. The material examined consisted of 60 human foetuses of both sexes (33 male, 27 female) from spontaneous abortion or stillbirth and ranging in age from the 16th to 38th week of prenatal life. White latex solution to of volume between 15 ml and 30 ml was injected into the thoracic aorta. The results of this were that a typical pancreatic supply from the coeliac trunk and superior mesenteric artery was observed in all cases. The coeliac trunk, splenic artery and gastroduodenal artery also appeared invariably. However, variability was observed in further generations of branches. The gastroduodenal artery with its branches, the anterior and posterior pancreaticoduodenal arteries, was constantly present. Irrespective of the sex of the foetus, in 10% of cases a large vessel was observed which ran horizontally on the anterior surface of the pancreas from head to tail and which originated in the anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery. We termed this vessel the "anterior pancreatic artery". In all cases there were anterior and posterior pancreaticoduodenal arcades, but in two cases (3.3%) a double anterior pancreaticoduodenal arcade was observed.
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Keywords

pancreas; human foetuses; anterior pancreatic artery; pancreaticoduodenal arcade; vascular loop

About this article
Title

The pancreaticoduodenal arteries in human foetal development

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 63, No 3 (2004)

Pages

281-284

Published online

2004-06-04

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2004;63(3):281-284.

Keywords

pancreas
human foetuses
anterior pancreatic artery
pancreaticoduodenal arcade
vascular loop

Authors

E Krakowiak-Sarnowska
P Flisiński
M Szpinda
M Flisiński
J Sarnowski

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