open access

Vol 63, No 4 (2004)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2004-09-16
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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Digital-image analysis of the aortic arch’s development and its variations

Jerzy St. Gielecki, Renata Wilk, Bożena Syc, Magdalena Musiał-Kopiejka, Aneta Piwowarczyk-Nowak
Folia Morphol 2004;63(4):449-454.

open access

Vol 63, No 4 (2004)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2004-09-16
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

The study was performed on 103 human foetuses (58 female, 45 male) spontaneously aborted at between 14 and 30 weeks of gestation. The arteries were filled with latex, preserved in formalin and then dissected under the microscope and digitalised using a camera system. The following measurements were taken with the use of special computer software: the external diameter, the length and the volume of the arch of the aorta. The increase in diameter and length in relation to age corresponded to a linear function with values ranging from 1.77 mm to 4.09 mm for the diameter and from 4.94 mm to 13.31 mm for the length. The increase in volume corresponded to a square root function with values ranging from 13.42 mm3 to 173.96 mm3. Analysis of arch of the aorta variations revealed 11 cases of a common trunk for the brachiocephalic trunk and the left common carotid artery and 7 cases with the left vertebral artery arising directly from the arch of the aorta. In 2 cases the brachiocephalic trunk was absent, the right subclavian artery branching directly from the arch of the aorta at the level of the left subclavian artery or from the descending aorta just below the arterial duct ostium.

Abstract

The study was performed on 103 human foetuses (58 female, 45 male) spontaneously aborted at between 14 and 30 weeks of gestation. The arteries were filled with latex, preserved in formalin and then dissected under the microscope and digitalised using a camera system. The following measurements were taken with the use of special computer software: the external diameter, the length and the volume of the arch of the aorta. The increase in diameter and length in relation to age corresponded to a linear function with values ranging from 1.77 mm to 4.09 mm for the diameter and from 4.94 mm to 13.31 mm for the length. The increase in volume corresponded to a square root function with values ranging from 13.42 mm3 to 173.96 mm3. Analysis of arch of the aorta variations revealed 11 cases of a common trunk for the brachiocephalic trunk and the left common carotid artery and 7 cases with the left vertebral artery arising directly from the arch of the aorta. In 2 cases the brachiocephalic trunk was absent, the right subclavian artery branching directly from the arch of the aorta at the level of the left subclavian artery or from the descending aorta just below the arterial duct ostium.
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Keywords

human foetus; morphometric measurements; variability; aortic arch

About this article
Title

Digital-image analysis of the aortic arch’s development and its variations

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 63, No 4 (2004)

Pages

449-454

Published online

2004-09-16

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2004;63(4):449-454.

Keywords

human foetus
morphometric measurements
variability
aortic arch

Authors

Jerzy St. Gielecki
Renata Wilk
Bożena Syc
Magdalena Musiał-Kopiejka
Aneta Piwowarczyk-Nowak

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