open access

Vol 65, No 1 (2006)
Technical Note
Published online: 2005-12-05
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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Bone functions and the requirements for bone grafts and substitutes in the orofacial region

J. Fanghänel, T. Bayerlein, T. Gedrange, E. Kauschke, E. Rumpel, W. Gerike, V. Bienengräber, P. Proff
Folia Morphol 2006;65(1):56-58.

open access

Vol 65, No 1 (2006)
Technical Note
Published online: 2005-12-05
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

Bone is the largest calcium storage, has distinctive plasticity and adaptability and is part of the supporting tissue. An adequate composition is thus necessary. The bone matrix consists of organic and anorganic structures. Osteoblasts, osteoclasts and osteocytes are responsible for bone formation, resorption and metabolism. The periosteum, endosteum and bone tissue are a functional unit and provide protection, nutrition and growth. Bone is subject to continuous remodelling.

Abstract

Bone is the largest calcium storage, has distinctive plasticity and adaptability and is part of the supporting tissue. An adequate composition is thus necessary. The bone matrix consists of organic and anorganic structures. Osteoblasts, osteoclasts and osteocytes are responsible for bone formation, resorption and metabolism. The periosteum, endosteum and bone tissue are a functional unit and provide protection, nutrition and growth. Bone is subject to continuous remodelling.
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Keywords

bone composition; function; metabolism; remodelling

About this article
Title

Bone functions and the requirements for bone grafts and substitutes in the orofacial region

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 65, No 1 (2006)

Pages

56-58

Published online

2005-12-05

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2006;65(1):56-58.

Keywords

bone composition
function
metabolism
remodelling

Authors

J. Fanghänel
T. Bayerlein
T. Gedrange
E. Kauschke
E. Rumpel
W. Gerike
V. Bienengräber
P. Proff

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