open access

Vol 65, No 1 (2006)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2005-12-05
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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The occurrence, variations and diameter of the human condylar canal in relation to the jugular foramen

J. Wysocki, M. Sharifi
Folia Morphol 2006;65(1):11-14.

open access

Vol 65, No 1 (2006)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2005-12-05
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

In medical practice, especially in analysis of radiograms and computed tomography scans, it is very important to be familiar with the anatomy of the skull base, not only the normal and typical anatomical structures but also the variations and anomalies. One of the important venous foramina of the human skull is the condylar canal. This structure is described as the most stable and permanent venous emissary, with a prevalence of up to 100%.
In our study, based on 100 human macerated skulls, this canal was encountered in 81% of cases. In several it was double. We have not encountered any information on this in the available literature.
We found that the condylar canal in humans could be double and that the size of the external opening of this canal is not crucial in relation to the size of the jugular foramen. There was no significant correlation between the jugular foramen and the condylar canal in our specimens.

Abstract

In medical practice, especially in analysis of radiograms and computed tomography scans, it is very important to be familiar with the anatomy of the skull base, not only the normal and typical anatomical structures but also the variations and anomalies. One of the important venous foramina of the human skull is the condylar canal. This structure is described as the most stable and permanent venous emissary, with a prevalence of up to 100%.
In our study, based on 100 human macerated skulls, this canal was encountered in 81% of cases. In several it was double. We have not encountered any information on this in the available literature.
We found that the condylar canal in humans could be double and that the size of the external opening of this canal is not crucial in relation to the size of the jugular foramen. There was no significant correlation between the jugular foramen and the condylar canal in our specimens.
Get Citation

Keywords

skull; condylar canal; jugular foramen; dimensions; anatomy

About this article
Title

The occurrence, variations and diameter of the human condylar canal in relation to the jugular foramen

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 65, No 1 (2006)

Pages

11-14

Published online

2005-12-05

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2006;65(1):11-14.

Keywords

skull
condylar canal
jugular foramen
dimensions
anatomy

Authors

J. Wysocki
M. Sharifi

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