open access

Vol 65, No 2 (2006)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2006-03-09
Submitted: 2012-02-06
Get Citation

A study of the discomalleolar ligament in the adult human

T. Rowicki, J. Zakrzewska
Folia Morphol 2006;65(2):121-125.

open access

Vol 65, No 2 (2006)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2006-03-09
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

The discomalleolar ligament (Pinto’s ligament) is not described in the anatomy textbooks but was demonstrated by Pinto and others. This is a ligamentous structure connecting the malleus in the tympanic cavity and the articular disc and capsule of the temporomandibular joint. This anatomical relationship between the middle ear and the temporomandibular joint is supposed to be one of the explanations for the aural symptoms associated with temporomandibular joint dysfunction.
The objectives of our study were to determine: (1) the frequency of occurrence and morphology of the discomalleolar ligament, (2) its attachments, (3) the morphology of Pinto’s ligament in endoscopic visualisation, and (4) whether tension applied to the discomalleolar ligament could elicit movement of the malleus. Fourteen adult human temporomandibular joint and tympanic cavity specimens were examined with the use of an endoscope and then by gross dissection with the superior approach and with the use of the operating microscope.
Endoscopic visualisation showed in four cases a band of tissue in the upper temporomandibular joint compartment, known as Pinto’s ligament. The dissections exposed a discomalleolar ligament in 11 specimens. We were able to identify two main types of this ligament on the basis of its shape. The discomalleolar ligament was either triangular in shape, as in the first group of seven specimens, or longitudinal in shape, as in the second group of four specimens. We observed that tension applied to the discomalleolar ligament resulted in movement of the malleus in three specimens.

Abstract

The discomalleolar ligament (Pinto’s ligament) is not described in the anatomy textbooks but was demonstrated by Pinto and others. This is a ligamentous structure connecting the malleus in the tympanic cavity and the articular disc and capsule of the temporomandibular joint. This anatomical relationship between the middle ear and the temporomandibular joint is supposed to be one of the explanations for the aural symptoms associated with temporomandibular joint dysfunction.
The objectives of our study were to determine: (1) the frequency of occurrence and morphology of the discomalleolar ligament, (2) its attachments, (3) the morphology of Pinto’s ligament in endoscopic visualisation, and (4) whether tension applied to the discomalleolar ligament could elicit movement of the malleus. Fourteen adult human temporomandibular joint and tympanic cavity specimens were examined with the use of an endoscope and then by gross dissection with the superior approach and with the use of the operating microscope.
Endoscopic visualisation showed in four cases a band of tissue in the upper temporomandibular joint compartment, known as Pinto’s ligament. The dissections exposed a discomalleolar ligament in 11 specimens. We were able to identify two main types of this ligament on the basis of its shape. The discomalleolar ligament was either triangular in shape, as in the first group of seven specimens, or longitudinal in shape, as in the second group of four specimens. We observed that tension applied to the discomalleolar ligament resulted in movement of the malleus in three specimens.
Get Citation

Keywords

Pinto’s ligament; anterior malleolar ligament; petrotympanic fissure; Meckel’s cartilage; temporomandibular joint

About this article
Title

A study of the discomalleolar ligament in the adult human

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 65, No 2 (2006)

Pages

121-125

Published online

2006-03-09

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2006;65(2):121-125.

Keywords

Pinto’s ligament
anterior malleolar ligament
petrotympanic fissure
Meckel’s cartilage
temporomandibular joint

Authors

T. Rowicki
J. Zakrzewska

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl