open access

Vol 66, No 3 (2007)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2007-06-26
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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Cellular expression of interleukin 2 (IL-2) and its receptor (IL-2R, CD25) in lung tumours

A. Kasprzak, K. Olejniczak, W. Przybyszewska, M. Zabel
Folia Morphol 2007;66(3):159-166.

open access

Vol 66, No 3 (2007)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2007-06-26
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

In view of the unclear prognostic and diagnostic role of interleukin 2 (IL-2) and its receptor in human tumours, we examined the cellular expression of IL-2 and of the subunit α of its receptor (IL-2Rα, CD25) in relation to the proliferative activity of various subtypes of lung tumours. The immunocytochemical ABC technique was applied to archival tissue material of neuroendocrine lung tumours: lung carcinoids, including typical carcinoids (TC), atypical carcinoids (AC) and small-cell lung cancers (SCLC) and squamous cell lung cancers (non-small cell lung cancers, NSCLC). Expression of IL-2 was detected in all types of lung tumours. The highest frequency of IL-2 expression (93%) was noted and the most pronounced semi-quantitatively evaluated expression of IL-2 was detected in AC tumour cells. The expression was more pronounced as compared to neoplastic SCLC (p = 0.01) and NSCLC cells (p = 0.005). The results suggest a negative correlation between IL-2 expression and the proliferative activity of tumour cells (evaluated by expression of Ki-67) in AC. The frequency of detection of IL-2 receptor (IL-Rα, CD25) was the highest in NSCLC (94%). Semi-quantitative expression of IL-2R, like that of IL-2, also dominated in the group of atypical lung carcinoids but manifested a significant difference only as compared to typical carcinoids (p = 0.014). Within the groups of tumours studied no correlation could be detected between cellular expressions of IL-2 and IL-2R. Our results demonstrate variable expression of IL-2 and its receptor in various types of lung tumours, but no simple relationship could be detected between tissue expression of the markers and proliferative activity. Appraisal of the diagnostic and/or prognostic significance of the results requires further study.

Abstract

In view of the unclear prognostic and diagnostic role of interleukin 2 (IL-2) and its receptor in human tumours, we examined the cellular expression of IL-2 and of the subunit α of its receptor (IL-2Rα, CD25) in relation to the proliferative activity of various subtypes of lung tumours. The immunocytochemical ABC technique was applied to archival tissue material of neuroendocrine lung tumours: lung carcinoids, including typical carcinoids (TC), atypical carcinoids (AC) and small-cell lung cancers (SCLC) and squamous cell lung cancers (non-small cell lung cancers, NSCLC). Expression of IL-2 was detected in all types of lung tumours. The highest frequency of IL-2 expression (93%) was noted and the most pronounced semi-quantitatively evaluated expression of IL-2 was detected in AC tumour cells. The expression was more pronounced as compared to neoplastic SCLC (p = 0.01) and NSCLC cells (p = 0.005). The results suggest a negative correlation between IL-2 expression and the proliferative activity of tumour cells (evaluated by expression of Ki-67) in AC. The frequency of detection of IL-2 receptor (IL-Rα, CD25) was the highest in NSCLC (94%). Semi-quantitative expression of IL-2R, like that of IL-2, also dominated in the group of atypical lung carcinoids but manifested a significant difference only as compared to typical carcinoids (p = 0.014). Within the groups of tumours studied no correlation could be detected between cellular expressions of IL-2 and IL-2R. Our results demonstrate variable expression of IL-2 and its receptor in various types of lung tumours, but no simple relationship could be detected between tissue expression of the markers and proliferative activity. Appraisal of the diagnostic and/or prognostic significance of the results requires further study.
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Keywords

lung cancers; proliferating marker Ki-67; IL-2; IL-2 receptor

About this article
Title

Cellular expression of interleukin 2 (IL-2) and its receptor (IL-2R, CD25) in lung tumours

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 66, No 3 (2007)

Pages

159-166

Published online

2007-06-26

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2007;66(3):159-166.

Keywords

lung cancers
proliferating marker Ki-67
IL-2
IL-2 receptor

Authors

A. Kasprzak
K. Olejniczak
W. Przybyszewska
M. Zabel

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