open access

Vol 66, No 4 (2007)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2007-08-13
Submitted: 2012-02-06
Get Citation

Morphological apsects of the coronary artery in the neonates

A. Avirmed, D. Amgalanbaatar, S. Enebish, B. Och, N. Narantuya, E. Plunkett, K. Plunkett
Folia Morphol 2007;66(4):332-338.

open access

Vol 66, No 4 (2007)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2007-08-13
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

Knowledge of the morphometric quantities of the coronary arteries in neonates is an increasingly vital component in the management of congenital and acquired heart disease. Because of the considerable heterogeneity of coronary vasculature, what is considered atypical and aberrant or insignificant anatomy is often unclear. The purpose of our present study is to define the normal anatomy of neonates. This was done by focusing on segment analysis of the coronary arteries, which was used to obtain accurate definitions of the length and diameter of the coronary network. The lengths, widths and numbers of collateral branches of the coronary arteries of neonates were measured. The coronary vessels of 50 neonate hearts were visualised post mortem by injection of the coronary arteries with opaque X-ray dye for the imaging study. Black ink cast and silver impregnation specimens were also studied. The longest segment of the circumflex branches of the left coronary arteries was the first, the lengths measuring 7188.5 ± 839.6 μm and the diameters 850 ± 90.8 μm. The lengths of segments II, III and IV were 5780 ± 1182.7 μm, 5397.5 ± 2070.2 μm and 6932.8 ± 2236.5 μm and the diameters were 680 ± 90.8 μm, 510 ± 90.8 μm and 408 ± 77.58 μm respectively. The longest segment of the anterior interventricular branches of the left coronary arteries was the first, with lengths of 10151.4 ± 1298.6 μm and diameters of 1141.9 ± 82.1 μm. The lengths of segments II, III and IV were 8208.5 ± 1222.3 μm, 3278.5 ± 602.4 μm and 5370 ± 1657.6 μm and the diameters were 971 ± 82.1 μm, 801.42 ± 82.1 μm and 631.4 ± 82.1 μm respectively. The lateral branches were increased in number in the fourth segment. Its diameters ranged from 157.8 ± 31.7 μm to 655.7 ± 99.7 μm. The main branch of the right coronary artery was short at the base of the heart. In the newborn the lateral branches of the right coronary artery were short, scattered and curved. Analysis of the data suggests a new anatomical system for classifying the vasculature of the coronary arteries in neonates.

Abstract

Knowledge of the morphometric quantities of the coronary arteries in neonates is an increasingly vital component in the management of congenital and acquired heart disease. Because of the considerable heterogeneity of coronary vasculature, what is considered atypical and aberrant or insignificant anatomy is often unclear. The purpose of our present study is to define the normal anatomy of neonates. This was done by focusing on segment analysis of the coronary arteries, which was used to obtain accurate definitions of the length and diameter of the coronary network. The lengths, widths and numbers of collateral branches of the coronary arteries of neonates were measured. The coronary vessels of 50 neonate hearts were visualised post mortem by injection of the coronary arteries with opaque X-ray dye for the imaging study. Black ink cast and silver impregnation specimens were also studied. The longest segment of the circumflex branches of the left coronary arteries was the first, the lengths measuring 7188.5 ± 839.6 μm and the diameters 850 ± 90.8 μm. The lengths of segments II, III and IV were 5780 ± 1182.7 μm, 5397.5 ± 2070.2 μm and 6932.8 ± 2236.5 μm and the diameters were 680 ± 90.8 μm, 510 ± 90.8 μm and 408 ± 77.58 μm respectively. The longest segment of the anterior interventricular branches of the left coronary arteries was the first, with lengths of 10151.4 ± 1298.6 μm and diameters of 1141.9 ± 82.1 μm. The lengths of segments II, III and IV were 8208.5 ± 1222.3 μm, 3278.5 ± 602.4 μm and 5370 ± 1657.6 μm and the diameters were 971 ± 82.1 μm, 801.42 ± 82.1 μm and 631.4 ± 82.1 μm respectively. The lateral branches were increased in number in the fourth segment. Its diameters ranged from 157.8 ± 31.7 μm to 655.7 ± 99.7 μm. The main branch of the right coronary artery was short at the base of the heart. In the newborn the lateral branches of the right coronary artery were short, scattered and curved. Analysis of the data suggests a new anatomical system for classifying the vasculature of the coronary arteries in neonates.
Get Citation

Keywords

heart; coronary arteries; black ink; X-ray examination; morphometric study

About this article
Title

Morphological apsects of the coronary artery in the neonates

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 66, No 4 (2007)

Pages

332-338

Published online

2007-08-13

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2007;66(4):332-338.

Keywords

heart
coronary arteries
black ink
X-ray examination
morphometric study

Authors

A. Avirmed
D. Amgalanbaatar
S. Enebish
B. Och
N. Narantuya
E. Plunkett
K. Plunkett

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl