open access

Vol 67, No 2 (2008)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2008-03-06
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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A rare variational anatomy of the profunda femoris artery

R. Chitra
Folia Morphol 2008;67(2):157-158.

open access

Vol 67, No 2 (2008)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2008-03-06
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

The course and ramification of the vessels of the lower limbs have long received attention from anatomists and surgeons. During educational dissection with undergraduate students of the Department of Anatomy of the NRI Medical College we observed in a male cadaver of about 55 years the rare variation of the profunda femoris artery originating from the medial side of the femoral artery and coursing in front of the femoral vein on the left side of thigh. The medial circumflex artery, arising by a common trunk with the profunda femoris, also coursed superficially to the femoral vein to continue further. The lateral circumflex femoral artery arose directly from the femoral artery and coursed parallel to the femoral artery on the lateral side and divided into branches. The anatomy of the profunda femoris artery on the right side was normal. It has been reported that arteriovenous fistulas can occur in the groin region as a complication of percutaneous angioplasty or cardiac catheterisation of the femoral vessels. A complete understanding of the anatomy of the femoral triangle is thus necessary in order to avoid this and other complications.
(Folia Morphol 2008: 67: 157–158)

Abstract

The course and ramification of the vessels of the lower limbs have long received attention from anatomists and surgeons. During educational dissection with undergraduate students of the Department of Anatomy of the NRI Medical College we observed in a male cadaver of about 55 years the rare variation of the profunda femoris artery originating from the medial side of the femoral artery and coursing in front of the femoral vein on the left side of thigh. The medial circumflex artery, arising by a common trunk with the profunda femoris, also coursed superficially to the femoral vein to continue further. The lateral circumflex femoral artery arose directly from the femoral artery and coursed parallel to the femoral artery on the lateral side and divided into branches. The anatomy of the profunda femoris artery on the right side was normal. It has been reported that arteriovenous fistulas can occur in the groin region as a complication of percutaneous angioplasty or cardiac catheterisation of the femoral vessels. A complete understanding of the anatomy of the femoral triangle is thus necessary in order to avoid this and other complications.
(Folia Morphol 2008: 67: 157–158)
Get Citation

Keywords

medial circumflex femoral artery; arteriovenous fistula; cardiac catheterisation

About this article
Title

A rare variational anatomy of the profunda femoris artery

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 67, No 2 (2008)

Pages

157-158

Published online

2008-03-06

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2008;67(2):157-158.

Keywords

medial circumflex femoral artery
arteriovenous fistula
cardiac catheterisation

Authors

R. Chitra

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