open access

Vol 67, No 2 (2008)
REVIEW ARTICLES
Published online: 2008-03-06
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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Terminologia anatomica in the past and the future from perspective of 110th anniversary of Polish Anatomical Terminology

J. Gielecki, A. Żurada, N. Osman
Folia Morphol 2008;67(2):87-97.

open access

Vol 67, No 2 (2008)
REVIEW ARTICLES
Published online: 2008-03-06
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

Professional terminology is commonplace, particularly in the fields of mathematics, medicine, veterinary and natural sciences. The use of the terminology can be international, as it is with Anatomical Terminology (AT). In the early age of modern education, anatomists adopted Latin as the international language for AT. However, at the end of the 20th century, the English language became more predominant around the world.
It can be said that the AT is a specific collection of scientific terms. One of the major flaws in early AT was that body structures were described by varying names, while some of the terms was irrational in nature, and confusing. At this time, different international committees were working on preparing a unified final version of the AT, which in the end consisted of 5,640 terms (4,286 originally from the Basle Nomina Anatomica, BNA). Also, each country wanted to have its own nomenclature. In order to accomplish this, each country based their nomenclature on the international AT, and then translated it into their own language.
The history of the Polish Anatomical Terminology (PAT) is unique, and follows the events of history. It was first published in 1898, at a time when its neighbours partitioned the territory of Poland. During 150 years, the Polish culture and language was under the Russification and Germanization policy. It is important to note, that even with such difficult circumstances, the PAT was the first national AT in the world. The PAT was a union of the accepted first BNA in Latin and the original Polish anatomical equivalents. This union formed the basis for theoretical and clinical medicine in Poland.
(Folia Morphol 2008; 67: 87–97)

Abstract

Professional terminology is commonplace, particularly in the fields of mathematics, medicine, veterinary and natural sciences. The use of the terminology can be international, as it is with Anatomical Terminology (AT). In the early age of modern education, anatomists adopted Latin as the international language for AT. However, at the end of the 20th century, the English language became more predominant around the world.
It can be said that the AT is a specific collection of scientific terms. One of the major flaws in early AT was that body structures were described by varying names, while some of the terms was irrational in nature, and confusing. At this time, different international committees were working on preparing a unified final version of the AT, which in the end consisted of 5,640 terms (4,286 originally from the Basle Nomina Anatomica, BNA). Also, each country wanted to have its own nomenclature. In order to accomplish this, each country based their nomenclature on the international AT, and then translated it into their own language.
The history of the Polish Anatomical Terminology (PAT) is unique, and follows the events of history. It was first published in 1898, at a time when its neighbours partitioned the territory of Poland. During 150 years, the Polish culture and language was under the Russification and Germanization policy. It is important to note, that even with such difficult circumstances, the PAT was the first national AT in the world. The PAT was a union of the accepted first BNA in Latin and the original Polish anatomical equivalents. This union formed the basis for theoretical and clinical medicine in Poland.
(Folia Morphol 2008; 67: 87–97)
Get Citation

Keywords

anatomy; anatomical terminology; history of medicine; nomenclature; Polish Anatomical Terminology

About this article
Title

Terminologia anatomica in the past and the future from perspective of 110th anniversary of Polish Anatomical Terminology

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 67, No 2 (2008)

Pages

87-97

Published online

2008-03-06

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2008;67(2):87-97.

Keywords

anatomy
anatomical terminology
history of medicine
nomenclature
Polish Anatomical Terminology

Authors

J. Gielecki
A. Żurada
N. Osman

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