open access

Vol 67, No 3 (2008)
REVIEW ARTICLES
Published online: 2008-06-02
Submitted: 2012-02-06
Get Citation

A review of the distribution of the arterial and venous vasculature of the diaphragm and its clinical relevance

M. Loukas, El-Z. Diala, R.S. Tubbs, L. Zhan, P. Rhizek, A. Monsekis, M. Akiyama
Folia Morphol 2008;67(3):159-165.

open access

Vol 67, No 3 (2008)
REVIEW ARTICLES
Published online: 2008-06-02
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

The diaphragm is the major respiratory muscle of the body. As it plays such a vital role, a continuous arterial and venous blood supply is of the utmost importance. It is therefore not surprising to find described in the literature a complex system of anastomoses that contributes to the maintenance of this muscle’s life-preserving contraction. Understanding the anatomy of the diaphragm and any divergence in its vasculature is literally vital to humanity. In the light of this, we review the literature on the blood supply to the diaphragm, with specific emphasis on the recent description of the inferior phrenic vessels and the superior phrenic artery, summarize the clinical significance of the diaphragmatic vasculature and suggest future avenues of study to further expand on this current body of knowledge.

Abstract

The diaphragm is the major respiratory muscle of the body. As it plays such a vital role, a continuous arterial and venous blood supply is of the utmost importance. It is therefore not surprising to find described in the literature a complex system of anastomoses that contributes to the maintenance of this muscle’s life-preserving contraction. Understanding the anatomy of the diaphragm and any divergence in its vasculature is literally vital to humanity. In the light of this, we review the literature on the blood supply to the diaphragm, with specific emphasis on the recent description of the inferior phrenic vessels and the superior phrenic artery, summarize the clinical significance of the diaphragmatic vasculature and suggest future avenues of study to further expand on this current body of knowledge.
Get Citation

Keywords

diaphragm; hepatocellular carcinoma; inferior phrenic artery; superior phrenic artery

About this article
Title

A review of the distribution of the arterial and venous vasculature of the diaphragm and its clinical relevance

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 67, No 3 (2008)

Pages

159-165

Published online

2008-06-02

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2008;67(3):159-165.

Keywords

diaphragm
hepatocellular carcinoma
inferior phrenic artery
superior phrenic artery

Authors

M. Loukas
El-Z. Diala
R.S. Tubbs
L. Zhan
P. Rhizek
A. Monsekis
M. Akiyama

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl