open access

Vol 68, No 3 (2009)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2009-05-13
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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Medial circumflex femoral artery with different origin and course: a case report and review of the literature

E. Çiftcioglu, A. Kale, C. Kopuz, M. Edizer, E. Aydln, M.T. Demir
Folia Morphol 2009;68(3):188-191.

open access

Vol 68, No 3 (2009)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2009-05-13
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

The femoral artery (FA) and its branches play important roles in the arterial supply of the lower extremity. If the femoral artery is occluded, the circulation of the extremity is maintained by certain anastomoses. Therefore, identification of variations of these arteries is critical from a clinical and surgical point of view. During routine anatomical dissections for student education at the Department of Anatomy of the School of Medicine at Ondokuz Mayls University, a variation of the medial circumflex femoral artery (MCFA) was observed and photographed in a male, formalin-fixed cadaver aged 55 years. In this case, MCFA branched off from the posterolateral aspect of the FA, 32 mm distal to the inguinal ligament. A frequency rate of 17–26% has been reported regarding this variation. However, MCFA emerging from the postero-lateral aspect of the FA and its course, as in this case, is not that frequent. Knowledge of anomalies in the emergence and course of the arteries that join the cruciate anastomosis and are important in the arterial supply of the head and neck of the femur appear to be a critical component that requires caution during surgical interventions towards this region.

Abstract

The femoral artery (FA) and its branches play important roles in the arterial supply of the lower extremity. If the femoral artery is occluded, the circulation of the extremity is maintained by certain anastomoses. Therefore, identification of variations of these arteries is critical from a clinical and surgical point of view. During routine anatomical dissections for student education at the Department of Anatomy of the School of Medicine at Ondokuz Mayls University, a variation of the medial circumflex femoral artery (MCFA) was observed and photographed in a male, formalin-fixed cadaver aged 55 years. In this case, MCFA branched off from the posterolateral aspect of the FA, 32 mm distal to the inguinal ligament. A frequency rate of 17–26% has been reported regarding this variation. However, MCFA emerging from the postero-lateral aspect of the FA and its course, as in this case, is not that frequent. Knowledge of anomalies in the emergence and course of the arteries that join the cruciate anastomosis and are important in the arterial supply of the head and neck of the femur appear to be a critical component that requires caution during surgical interventions towards this region.
Get Citation

Keywords

anatomy; medial circumflex femoral artery; variation

About this article
Title

Medial circumflex femoral artery with different origin and course: a case report and review of the literature

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 68, No 3 (2009)

Pages

188-191

Published online

2009-05-13

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2009;68(3):188-191.

Keywords

anatomy
medial circumflex femoral artery
variation

Authors

E. Çiftcioglu
A. Kale
C. Kopuz
M. Edizer
E. Aydln
M.T. Demir

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