open access

Vol 68, No 4 (2009)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2009-11-26
Submitted: 2012-02-06
Get Citation

Myocardial bridging and coronary artery anomalies detected by ECG-gated 64-row multidetector computed tomography angiography in symptomatic patients

R. Javadrashid, M.K. Tarzamni, N. Aslanabadi, M. Ghaffari, A. Salehi, K. Sorteji
Folia Morphol 2009;68(4):201-206.

open access

Vol 68, No 4 (2009)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2009-11-26
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

Advances in 64-row multidetector computed tomography have provided noninvasive imaging of coronary arteries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of coronary artery anomalies in Iranian symptomatic patients and to determine the presence of anomalies resulting in myocardial ischaemia without atherosclerotic plaque.
This study was carried out in Tabriz University of medical sciences on 534 patients with suggestive symptoms for coronary artery diseases. Original slices were reconstructed from data achieved by using a ECG-gated multidetector computed tomography scanner, and reconstructed 3-dimentional images of the heart were reviewed. Congenital angiography was performed in 36.3% of patients. The prevalence of myocardial bridging in symptomatic patients was 6.0% by multidetector computed tomography while conventional angiography could detect 20% of them. The most prevalent site was the middle portion of the left anterior descending artery. Anomalous origin or course of coronary arteries and AV fistula was detected by multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography in 2.6% of cases while conventional angiography could detect 44.4% of these anomalies. The prevalence of atherosclerotic plaques in patients with myocardial bridging was 53.1%. In 46.9% of these patients, myocardial bridging was held responsible for signs and symptoms of myocardial ischaemia as no atherosclerotic plaque was evident. This rate was 64.3% in symptomatic patients with other anomalies in origin or course of coronary arteries. This study gives the prevalence of coronary artery anomalies and myocardial bridging in the Iranian population. The results suggest multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography as the preferred utility for diagnosing such anomalies.

Abstract

Advances in 64-row multidetector computed tomography have provided noninvasive imaging of coronary arteries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of coronary artery anomalies in Iranian symptomatic patients and to determine the presence of anomalies resulting in myocardial ischaemia without atherosclerotic plaque.
This study was carried out in Tabriz University of medical sciences on 534 patients with suggestive symptoms for coronary artery diseases. Original slices were reconstructed from data achieved by using a ECG-gated multidetector computed tomography scanner, and reconstructed 3-dimentional images of the heart were reviewed. Congenital angiography was performed in 36.3% of patients. The prevalence of myocardial bridging in symptomatic patients was 6.0% by multidetector computed tomography while conventional angiography could detect 20% of them. The most prevalent site was the middle portion of the left anterior descending artery. Anomalous origin or course of coronary arteries and AV fistula was detected by multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography in 2.6% of cases while conventional angiography could detect 44.4% of these anomalies. The prevalence of atherosclerotic plaques in patients with myocardial bridging was 53.1%. In 46.9% of these patients, myocardial bridging was held responsible for signs and symptoms of myocardial ischaemia as no atherosclerotic plaque was evident. This rate was 64.3% in symptomatic patients with other anomalies in origin or course of coronary arteries. This study gives the prevalence of coronary artery anomalies and myocardial bridging in the Iranian population. The results suggest multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography as the preferred utility for diagnosing such anomalies.
Get Citation

Keywords

coronary artery anomaly; myocardial bridging; multidetector computed tomography angiography; epidemiology

About this article
Title

Myocardial bridging and coronary artery anomalies detected by ECG-gated 64-row multidetector computed tomography angiography in symptomatic patients

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 68, No 4 (2009)

Pages

201-206

Published online

2009-11-26

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2009;68(4):201-206.

Keywords

coronary artery anomaly
myocardial bridging
multidetector computed tomography angiography
epidemiology

Authors

R. Javadrashid
M.K. Tarzamni
N. Aslanabadi
M. Ghaffari
A. Salehi
K. Sorteji

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl