open access

Vol 69, No 2 (2010)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2010-05-27
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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Histomorphological and morphometric studies of the pancreatic islet cells of diabetic rats treated with extracts of Annona muricata

D.O. Adeyemi, O.A. Komolafe, O.S. Adewole, E.M. Obuotor, A.A. Abiodun, T.K. Adenowo
Folia Morphol 2010;69(2):92-100.

open access

Vol 69, No 2 (2010)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2010-05-27
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

Microanatomical changes in the pancreatic islet cells of streptozotocin induced diabetic Wistar rats were studied after treatment with methanolic extracts of Annona muricata leaves. Thirty adult Wistar rats were randomly assigned into three groups (control, untreated diabetic group, and A. muricata-treated diabetic group) of ten rats each. Diabetes mellitus was experimentally induced in groups B and C by a single intra-peritoneal injection of 80 mg/kg streptozotocin dissolved in 0.1 M citrate buffer. The control rats were intraperitoneally injected with an equivalent volume of citrate buffer. Daily intra peritoneal injections of 100 mg/kg A. muricata were administered to group C rats for two weeks. Post sacrifice the pancreases of the rats were excised and fixed in Bouin’s fluid. The tissues were processed for paraffin embedding and sections of 5 μm thickness were produced and stained with H & E, Gomori aldehyde fuchsin, and chrome alum haematoxylin-phloxine for demonstration of the β-cells of islets of pancreatic islets. Histomorphological and morphometric examination of the stained pancreatic sections showed a significant increase in the number, diameter, and volume of the β-cells of pancreatic islets of the A. muricata-treated group (5.67 ± 0.184 N/1000 μm2, 5.38 ± 0.093 μm and 85.12 ± 4.24 μm3, respectively) when compared to that of the untreated diabetic group of rats (2.85 ± 0.361 N/1000 μm2, 2.85 ± 0.362 μm and 69.56 ± 5.216 μm3, respectively). The results revealed regeneration of the β-cells of islets of pancreatic islet of rats treated with extract of A. muricata.
(Folia Morphol 2010; 69, 2: 92-100)

Abstract

Microanatomical changes in the pancreatic islet cells of streptozotocin induced diabetic Wistar rats were studied after treatment with methanolic extracts of Annona muricata leaves. Thirty adult Wistar rats were randomly assigned into three groups (control, untreated diabetic group, and A. muricata-treated diabetic group) of ten rats each. Diabetes mellitus was experimentally induced in groups B and C by a single intra-peritoneal injection of 80 mg/kg streptozotocin dissolved in 0.1 M citrate buffer. The control rats were intraperitoneally injected with an equivalent volume of citrate buffer. Daily intra peritoneal injections of 100 mg/kg A. muricata were administered to group C rats for two weeks. Post sacrifice the pancreases of the rats were excised and fixed in Bouin’s fluid. The tissues were processed for paraffin embedding and sections of 5 μm thickness were produced and stained with H & E, Gomori aldehyde fuchsin, and chrome alum haematoxylin-phloxine for demonstration of the β-cells of islets of pancreatic islets. Histomorphological and morphometric examination of the stained pancreatic sections showed a significant increase in the number, diameter, and volume of the β-cells of pancreatic islets of the A. muricata-treated group (5.67 ± 0.184 N/1000 μm2, 5.38 ± 0.093 μm and 85.12 ± 4.24 μm3, respectively) when compared to that of the untreated diabetic group of rats (2.85 ± 0.361 N/1000 μm2, 2.85 ± 0.362 μm and 69.56 ± 5.216 μm3, respectively). The results revealed regeneration of the β-cells of islets of pancreatic islet of rats treated with extract of A. muricata.
(Folia Morphol 2010; 69, 2: 92-100)
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Keywords

Annona muricata; diabetes mellitus; streptozotocin; pancreas; histology; histomorphometry

About this article
Title

Histomorphological and morphometric studies of the pancreatic islet cells of diabetic rats treated with extracts of Annona muricata

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 69, No 2 (2010)

Pages

92-100

Published online

2010-05-27

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2010;69(2):92-100.

Keywords

Annona muricata
diabetes mellitus
streptozotocin
pancreas
histology
histomorphometry

Authors

D.O. Adeyemi
O.A. Komolafe
O.S. Adewole
E.M. Obuotor
A.A. Abiodun
T.K. Adenowo

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