open access

Vol 69, No 3 (2010)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2010-08-02
Submitted: 2012-02-06
Get Citation

Bilateral pectoral musculature malformations with concomitant vascular anomaly

G.K. Paraskevas, A. Raikos
Folia Morphol 2010;69(3):187-191.

open access

Vol 69, No 3 (2010)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2010-08-02
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

We report on a unique combination of multiple variations concerning the pectoral muscles and the left external jugular vein. Specifically, a bilateral hypoplasia of the medial clavicular portion of the pectoralis major muscle was noticed along with the coexistence of total right pectoralis minor aplasia, substituted by loose connective and fatty tissue. Simultaneously, a supernumerary anterior-placed external jugular vein was found, which, after its supraclavicular course, pierced the interval between the left clavicular and the sternocostal head, and drained into the left jugular junction. The combination of the above anomalies constitutes an atypical pattern of Poland syndrome. We discuss the related embryological development and the relative literature. Attention was paid to the clinical importance for plastic surgeons, general surgeons, and radiologists, facilitating them with accurate interpretation of anterior thoracic wall findings.
(Folia Morphol 2010; 69, 3: 187-191)

Abstract

We report on a unique combination of multiple variations concerning the pectoral muscles and the left external jugular vein. Specifically, a bilateral hypoplasia of the medial clavicular portion of the pectoralis major muscle was noticed along with the coexistence of total right pectoralis minor aplasia, substituted by loose connective and fatty tissue. Simultaneously, a supernumerary anterior-placed external jugular vein was found, which, after its supraclavicular course, pierced the interval between the left clavicular and the sternocostal head, and drained into the left jugular junction. The combination of the above anomalies constitutes an atypical pattern of Poland syndrome. We discuss the related embryological development and the relative literature. Attention was paid to the clinical importance for plastic surgeons, general surgeons, and radiologists, facilitating them with accurate interpretation of anterior thoracic wall findings.
(Folia Morphol 2010; 69, 3: 187-191)
Get Citation

Keywords

pectoral muscles; defects; vein anomaly; Poland syndrome; pectoralis

About this article
Title

Bilateral pectoral musculature malformations with concomitant vascular anomaly

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 69, No 3 (2010)

Pages

187-191

Published online

2010-08-02

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2010;69(3):187-191.

Keywords

pectoral muscles
defects
vein anomaly
Poland syndrome
pectoralis

Authors

G.K. Paraskevas
A. Raikos

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl