open access

Vol 69, No 3 (2010)
REVIEW ARTICLES
Published online: 2010-08-02
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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Anomalies of the inferior vena cava: a report of two cases and a short review of the literature

S. Kapetanakis, C. Papadopoulos, P. Galani, G. Dimitrakopoulou, A. Fiska
Folia Morphol 2010;69(3):123-127.

open access

Vol 69, No 3 (2010)
REVIEW ARTICLES
Published online: 2010-08-02
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

The inferior vena cava, also known as the posterior vena cava, is the large vein that carries de-oxygenated blood from the lower half of the body into the right atrium of the heart. Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava result from the persistence of the embryonic venous system. The majority of cases are clinically silent and are diagnosed in routine dissection studies, in retroperitoneal surgeries, or through imaging for other reasons. Although these anomalies are rare, they are of great importance during operations in the abdominal area or in the treatment of thromboembolic diseases. We report two cases of double vena cava and left vena cava, respectively, and a short review of the relevant literature.
(Folia Morphol 2010; 69, 3: 123-127)

Abstract

The inferior vena cava, also known as the posterior vena cava, is the large vein that carries de-oxygenated blood from the lower half of the body into the right atrium of the heart. Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava result from the persistence of the embryonic venous system. The majority of cases are clinically silent and are diagnosed in routine dissection studies, in retroperitoneal surgeries, or through imaging for other reasons. Although these anomalies are rare, they are of great importance during operations in the abdominal area or in the treatment of thromboembolic diseases. We report two cases of double vena cava and left vena cava, respectively, and a short review of the relevant literature.
(Folia Morphol 2010; 69, 3: 123-127)
Get Citation

Keywords

inferior vena cava; anomalies; double; left

About this article
Title

Anomalies of the inferior vena cava: a report of two cases and a short review of the literature

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 69, No 3 (2010)

Pages

123-127

Published online

2010-08-02

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2010;69(3):123-127.

Keywords

inferior vena cava
anomalies
double
left

Authors

S. Kapetanakis
C. Papadopoulos
P. Galani
G. Dimitrakopoulou
A. Fiska

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