open access

Vol 69, No 4 (2010)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2010-12-01
Submitted: 2012-02-06
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Foetal development of the pancreas

K. Desdicioglu, M.A. Malas, E.H. Evcil
Folia Morphol 2010;69(4):216-224.

open access

Vol 69, No 4 (2010)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2010-12-01
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

In the present study, we aimed to gather morphometric data on the localisation and development of the pancreas during the foetal period. The study was carried out on 222 human foetuses aged 9-40 weeks of gestation with no external pathology or anomaly. The abdominal wall was dissected after general external measurements of the foetuses were carried out. Data on the localisation of the pancreas in the abdominal cavity and its localisation relative to the median plane, xiphoid process, and umbilicus were acquired and various morphometric parameters including the length of the pancreas and heights of the head and body of the pancreas were measured. It was found that, in the foetal period, the foetal pancreas was primarily accumulated on the transverse plane passing through the umbilicus, and on the other quadrants. Means and standard deviations of all morphometric parameters were calculated for each gestational week, month, and trimester. There were significant relations between the parameters and gestational age (p < 0.001). There were no differences in any of the parameters between sexes (p > 0.05). In conclusion, morphometric and location data on foetal pancreases acquired in the present study will contribute to other studies carried out in obstetrics, perinatology, forensic medicine, and foetal pathology departments, aimed at identifying anomalies, pathologies, and variations of the pancreas and treatment of such cases. (Folia Morphol 2010; 69, 4: 216-224)

Abstract

In the present study, we aimed to gather morphometric data on the localisation and development of the pancreas during the foetal period. The study was carried out on 222 human foetuses aged 9-40 weeks of gestation with no external pathology or anomaly. The abdominal wall was dissected after general external measurements of the foetuses were carried out. Data on the localisation of the pancreas in the abdominal cavity and its localisation relative to the median plane, xiphoid process, and umbilicus were acquired and various morphometric parameters including the length of the pancreas and heights of the head and body of the pancreas were measured. It was found that, in the foetal period, the foetal pancreas was primarily accumulated on the transverse plane passing through the umbilicus, and on the other quadrants. Means and standard deviations of all morphometric parameters were calculated for each gestational week, month, and trimester. There were significant relations between the parameters and gestational age (p < 0.001). There were no differences in any of the parameters between sexes (p > 0.05). In conclusion, morphometric and location data on foetal pancreases acquired in the present study will contribute to other studies carried out in obstetrics, perinatology, forensic medicine, and foetal pathology departments, aimed at identifying anomalies, pathologies, and variations of the pancreas and treatment of such cases. (Folia Morphol 2010; 69, 4: 216-224)
Get Citation

Keywords

pancreas; morphometry; developmental anatomy; foetal period; human foetus

About this article
Title

Foetal development of the pancreas

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 69, No 4 (2010)

Pages

216-224

Published online

2010-12-01

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2010;69(4):216-224.

Keywords

pancreas
morphometry
developmental anatomy
foetal period
human foetus

Authors

K. Desdicioglu
M.A. Malas
E.H. Evcil

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