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Published online: 2024-07-05

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Unusual anatomical variants of infrahyoid muscles — case report

Agata Mazurek1, Grzegorz Wysiadecki2, Bożena Wójcik3, Andrzej Dubrowski1, Janusz Skrzat1, Jerzy Walocha1

Abstract

Anatomical anomalies of neck muscles are rarely observed and usually comprise variations of digastric and omohyoid muscles. Neck muscles’ abnormalities might be correlated with embryological development and are observed in individuals with aneuploidies such as Edward’s syndrome (18-trisomy) or Down syndrome (21-trisomy). Some infrahyoid muscles are important landmarks during surgery, therefore their anatomical variations of these muscles are related to higher risk of surgical complications. Herein, we present a rare case of infrahyoid muscles anomalies found during routine dissection of male cadaver. Redundant muscle bellies of sternohyoid muscle (sternohyoid azygos muscle), presence of levator glandulae thyroideae and also one hypoplastic superior belly of the omohyoid muscle were observed. Presence of muscle fibers within found structures was confirmed using Masson’s trichrome staining method.

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