Vol 61, No 1 (2023)
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Published online: 2023-01-23

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Morphology and immunohistochemical characteristics of the otic ganglion in the chinchilla (Chinchilla laniger Molina)

Waldemar Sienkiewicz1, Jacek Kuchinka2, Agnieszka Dudek1, Elżbieta Nowak2, Jerzy Kaleczyc1, Małgorzata Radzimirska2, Aleksander Szczurkowski3
Pubmed: 36692115
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2023;61(1):17-25.


Introduction. The available literature provides relatively little information on the morphology of the autonomic head ganglia in rodents including their neurochemical codding.

Material and methods. Morphological investigations of the otic ganglion of the chinchilla were performed using the modified acetylcholinesterase method. The cellular structure was investigated with histological techniques and neurochemical properties were studied with the double-labelling immunofluorescence method.

Results. Macromorphological investigations allowed the otic ganglion to be identified as a compact, oval agglomeration of neurons and nerve fibers. Multidimensional cross-sections revealed densely arranged neuronal perikarya and two populations of nerve cells differing in size were distinguished. The large cells (40–50 μm) accounted for about 80% of the neurons in the cross-sections. Moreover, a small number of intraganglionic nerve fibers was observed. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that over 85% of the neuronal cell bodies in the otic ganglion contained immunoreactivity to VAChT or ChAT. VIP-immunoreactive perikarya comprised approximately 10% of the ganglionic cells. Double staining revealed the presence of VAChT+ and NOS+ neurons which amounted to about 45% of the nerve cells in the otic ganglion. NOS+ only perikarya comprised approx. 15% of all the neurons. Immunoreactivity to enkephalins, substance P, somatostatin, and galanin was expressed in single nerve cell bodies and nerve fibers except numerous substance P+ intraganglionic nerve fibers. Some of them were stained also for CGRP. Single neurons stained for tyroxine hydroxylase.

Conclusions. Our results, compared with findings in other rodent species suggest the existence of interspecies differences in the morphology, cellular structure, and immunohistochemical properties of the head autonomic ganglia in mammals.

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