Vol 62, No 1 (2024)
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Published online: 2024-04-04

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Effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell-conditioned medium on the proliferation and migration of liposarcoma cells

Hua Chen1, Na Sha1, Ning Liu1, Haijun Hu2
Pubmed: 38639334
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2024;62(1):50-60.

Abstract

Introduction. Liposarcoma constitutes a prevalent subtype of soft tissue sarcoma, represents approximately 20% of all sarcomas. However, conventional chemotherapeutic agents have shown restricted effectiveness in treating liposarcoma patients. Accumulating evidence indicates that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the characteristic of migration to tumor site, promote or suppress tumors. How human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) contribute to liposarcoma phenotype remains poorly understood. This study aims to investigate the effects of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell-conditioned medium (BMSC-CM) on the proliferation and migration of liposarcoma cell lines 93T449 and SW872, as well as explore potential underlying mechanisms of BMSC-CM action on these cells.

Materials and methods. We transfected BMSCs with lentiviral constructs to knock down the transcriptional co-activator Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1), conditioned medium (CM) obtained from BMSCs and shYAP1-BMSC, respectively. Liposarcoma cell lines 93T449 and SW872 were co-cultured with BMSC-CM or shYAP1-BMSC-CM. Cell proliferation ability was assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Cell apoptosis was evaluated using flow cytometric assay. A wound healing assay was used to analyze cell migration. The expression levels of YAP1, Bcl-2, and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) were determined by western blot assay.

Results. Co-culturing liposarcoma cell lines 93T449 and SW872 with BMSC-CM promoted tumor cell proliferation, while shYAP1-BMSC-CM significantly inhibited cell viability and migration, induced apoptosis, and downregulated Bcl-2 and MMP-2 expression.

Conclusions. These findings provide new insights into the impact of BMSC-CM on liposarcoma and suggest its possible involvement in liposarcoma cell growth.

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