Vol 62, No 1 (2024)
Original paper
Published online: 2024-04-02

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Inhibition of IGF2BP1 attenuates the progression of endometriosis through PTBP1

Yanlin Su1, Wencai Tian1, Li Cheng1, Ling Yin1, Xiaoxia He2, Xin Wei1
Pubmed: 38563050
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2024;62(1):25-36.

Abstract

Introduction. Endometriosis (EMs), manifested by pain and infertility, is a chronic inflammatory disease. The precise pathophysiology of this disease remains uncertain. Insulin-like growth factor-2 mRNA-binding protein 1 (IGF2BP1) and polypyrimidine tract-binding protein 1 (PTBP1) have both been found to regulate proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion. This study aimed to investigate the effects of IGF2BP1/PTBP1 in treating EMs.

Materials and methods. qRT-PCR and western blotting were employed to quantify IGF2BP1 and PTBP1 expression in six patients with EMs (mean age 33.83 years). The correlation analysis, STRING database prediction, and RNA immunoprecipitation were utilized to identify the relationship between IGF2BP1 and PTBP1. Ectopic endometrial volume, weight, HE staining, and IGF2BP1 silencing were utilized to estimate the effects of IGF2BP1 in EMs model rats. qRT-PCR, CCK-8, 5-ethynyl-2’-deoxyuridine (EDU) labeling, Transwell assay, and flow cytometry were utilized to assess the effects of IGF2BP1/PTBP1 on the proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis of ectopic endometrial stromal cells (eESCs). Furthermore, western blotting was employed to evaluate expressions of PCNA, VEGF, and E-cadherin in EMs rats and eESCs.

Results. The mRNA and protein levels of IGF2BP1 and PTBP1 in the ectopic and eutopic endometrium of EMs patients were significantly increased. RNA immunoprecipitation revealed a close interaction of IGF2BP1 with PTBP1. Additionally, the endometrial volume, weight, and histopathologic scores in rats were significantly reduced after IGF2BP1 silencing. IGF2BP1 silencing also decreased the expression of PCNA and VEGF, and increased E-cadherin expression in endometrial tissues of EMs rats. Moreover, IGF2BP1 silencing inhibited proliferation, migration, and invasion and promoted apoptosis through PTBP1 in eESCs.

Conclusions. IGF2BP1 exhibits potential beneficial properties in the management of EMs by interacting with PTBP1, thereby highlighting IGF2BP1 as a promising therapeutic target for EMs.

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