open access

Vol 44, No 1 (2006)
Original paper
Submitted: 2011-12-19
Published online: 2006-04-06
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Prognostic significance of Ki67-negative blast cell clone in the high risk group of children treated for acute myeloid leukaemia.

Michał Nowicki, Danuta Ostalska-Nowicka, Bogdan Miśkowiak
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2006;44(1):49-52.

open access

Vol 44, No 1 (2006)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2011-12-19
Published online: 2006-04-06

Abstract

The aim of this study was to demonstrate the value of immunocytochemical staining of Ki67 antigen expression in blast cells of children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to evaluate its correlation with treatment failure. The material included bone marrow specimens obtained during induction treatment from 46 children treated for AML between 1998-2003. Immunocytochemical staining for Ki67 was based on the ABC technique. Expression of Ki67 antigen on day 0 of induction treatment was confirmed in all patients. The percentage of immunopositive blasts ranged from 88.4% to 99.8% (mean 91.8%). On day 15, according to chemotherapy response, patients were divided into two groups: G1-36 children who responded to induction treatment and reached remission (blast level 5%, low risk group) and G2-10 patients who did not meet remission criterion (blast level > 5%) and were assigned to the high risk (HR) group. Out of 10 children assigned to this group, Ki67 expression in blast cells was confirmed in 4 cases. The fraction of immunopositive blasts ranged from 78.4% to 88.6%. In the other 6 cases, blasts were Ki67-negative. In 12-month period after beginning the treatment, 18 cases of treatment failure (including 7 deceases) were observed in both groups. Five deaths, observed in the HR group, concerned the patients characterized by Ki67-negative blasts. The results indicate a possible correlation between the Ki67-immunonegative blast pattern on day 15 of treatment induction and early decease of AML children assigned to HR group.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to demonstrate the value of immunocytochemical staining of Ki67 antigen expression in blast cells of children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to evaluate its correlation with treatment failure. The material included bone marrow specimens obtained during induction treatment from 46 children treated for AML between 1998-2003. Immunocytochemical staining for Ki67 was based on the ABC technique. Expression of Ki67 antigen on day 0 of induction treatment was confirmed in all patients. The percentage of immunopositive blasts ranged from 88.4% to 99.8% (mean 91.8%). On day 15, according to chemotherapy response, patients were divided into two groups: G1-36 children who responded to induction treatment and reached remission (blast level 5%, low risk group) and G2-10 patients who did not meet remission criterion (blast level > 5%) and were assigned to the high risk (HR) group. Out of 10 children assigned to this group, Ki67 expression in blast cells was confirmed in 4 cases. The fraction of immunopositive blasts ranged from 78.4% to 88.6%. In the other 6 cases, blasts were Ki67-negative. In 12-month period after beginning the treatment, 18 cases of treatment failure (including 7 deceases) were observed in both groups. Five deaths, observed in the HR group, concerned the patients characterized by Ki67-negative blasts. The results indicate a possible correlation between the Ki67-immunonegative blast pattern on day 15 of treatment induction and early decease of AML children assigned to HR group.
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About this article
Title

Prognostic significance of Ki67-negative blast cell clone in the high risk group of children treated for acute myeloid leukaemia.

Journal

Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica

Issue

Vol 44, No 1 (2006)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

49-52

Published online

2006-04-06

Bibliographic record

Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2006;44(1):49-52.

Authors

Michał Nowicki
Danuta Ostalska-Nowicka
Bogdan Miśkowiak

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