Vol 45, No 3 (2007)
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Published online: 2007-10-24

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The evaluation of vacA gene alleles frequency in Helicobacter pylori strains in children and adults in Podlaskie region.

Elzbieta Maciorkowska, Izabela Roszko, Oksana Kowalczuk, Maciej Kaczmarski, Lech Chyczewski, Andrzej Kemona
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2007;45(3):215-219.


The frequency of Helicobacter pylori infection in population can depend on the organism resistance, genetic condition, and bacterial strains virulence. A vacA gene, of mosaic structure, which encodes vacuolating cytotoxin is one of the known genes of H. pylori. The existence of several different genotypes of s and m regions enables the formation of numerous combinations of vacA gene genome. The studies on vacA genotype revealed that the frequency of occurrence of H. pylori containing s1 or s2, as well as m1 and m2 alleles varies in different parts of the world. The aim of the studies performed in the group of children and adults was to evaluate the prevalence of particular vacA gene alleles distribution in the population of the Podlasie province. The allele s1, which occurred in 84.3% of the examined group (86.8% in children and 81.3% in adults), turned out to be the most frequently observed of the signal encoding region. Statistically significant differences in s1 and s2 alleles distribution in relation to a dwelling place were not detected. The allele m2 (42.1% in children and 59% in adults) was the allele of midregion, most frequently occurring in our studies. The allele m2 was observed more often in H. pylori strains in the inhabitants from the urban areas (data statistically significant).

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