open access

Vol 45, No 4 (2007)
Original paper
Submitted: 2011-12-19
Published online: 2008-01-01
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Tissue localization of tumor antigen-loaded mouse dendritic cells applied as an anti-tumor vaccine and their influence on immune response.

Joanna Rossowska, Elzbieta Pajtasz-Piasecka, Anna Szyda, Natalia Zietara, Danuta Duś
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2007;45(4):349-355.

open access

Vol 45, No 4 (2007)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2011-12-19
Published online: 2008-01-01

Abstract

The recognition, internalization and intracellular processing of antigen are the main functions of dendritic cells (DCs). In the course of these processes, DCs differentiate and acquire the ability to produce cytokines responsible for polarization of the immunological response. Therefore, vaccination with tumor antigen-loaded DCs is one of the most promising approaches to induce tumor-specific immune response. The purpose of this study was to analyze the migratory abilities, from an injection site to tumor-draining lymph nodes (tLN), of DCs applied as an anti-tumor vaccine and their capacity for immune response activation. Mouse DCs of the established JAWS II cell line transduced with EGFP gene or ex vivo bone marrow-isolated DCs (BM-DCs) stained with intravital CFDA dye were loaded with MC38 colon carcinoma tumor lysate (TAg) and then administered peritumorally to MC38 tumor-bearing C57BL/6 mice. On the first, third, fifth and seventh days after injection the tumors, tLNs and spleens were examined. The TAg-loaded DCs migrated more effectively to the tLNs than did the unloaded control DCs; however, the majority of them remained in the tumor vicinity. Immunohistological analysis of the tumor tissues demonstrated that only TAg-loaded DCs activated an immune response. Seven days after DCs vaccine administration, numerous necrotic areas and some apoptotic bodies were observed in the tumor tissue. However, the anti-MC38 tumor cytotoxic activity of spleen and tLN cells from mice treated with both TAg-loaded and unloaded DCs reached a maximum on the fifth day after DC injection. Concluding, TAg-loaded DCs migrated more efficiently to tLNs and were more effective activators of local (but not systemic) cellular immune response than were unloaded DCs. We hypothesize that only the application of TAg-loaded DCs to tumor-bearing mice as an adjuvant supporting chemotherapy may activate a more effective anti-tumor response.

Abstract

The recognition, internalization and intracellular processing of antigen are the main functions of dendritic cells (DCs). In the course of these processes, DCs differentiate and acquire the ability to produce cytokines responsible for polarization of the immunological response. Therefore, vaccination with tumor antigen-loaded DCs is one of the most promising approaches to induce tumor-specific immune response. The purpose of this study was to analyze the migratory abilities, from an injection site to tumor-draining lymph nodes (tLN), of DCs applied as an anti-tumor vaccine and their capacity for immune response activation. Mouse DCs of the established JAWS II cell line transduced with EGFP gene or ex vivo bone marrow-isolated DCs (BM-DCs) stained with intravital CFDA dye were loaded with MC38 colon carcinoma tumor lysate (TAg) and then administered peritumorally to MC38 tumor-bearing C57BL/6 mice. On the first, third, fifth and seventh days after injection the tumors, tLNs and spleens were examined. The TAg-loaded DCs migrated more effectively to the tLNs than did the unloaded control DCs; however, the majority of them remained in the tumor vicinity. Immunohistological analysis of the tumor tissues demonstrated that only TAg-loaded DCs activated an immune response. Seven days after DCs vaccine administration, numerous necrotic areas and some apoptotic bodies were observed in the tumor tissue. However, the anti-MC38 tumor cytotoxic activity of spleen and tLN cells from mice treated with both TAg-loaded and unloaded DCs reached a maximum on the fifth day after DC injection. Concluding, TAg-loaded DCs migrated more efficiently to tLNs and were more effective activators of local (but not systemic) cellular immune response than were unloaded DCs. We hypothesize that only the application of TAg-loaded DCs to tumor-bearing mice as an adjuvant supporting chemotherapy may activate a more effective anti-tumor response.
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About this article
Title

Tissue localization of tumor antigen-loaded mouse dendritic cells applied as an anti-tumor vaccine and their influence on immune response.

Journal

Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica

Issue

Vol 45, No 4 (2007)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

349-355

Published online

2008-01-01

Bibliographic record

Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2007;45(4):349-355.

Authors

Joanna Rossowska
Elzbieta Pajtasz-Piasecka
Anna Szyda
Natalia Zietara
Danuta Duś

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