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Vol 45, Supp. I (2007)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2008-04-15
Submitted: 2011-12-19
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Can vitamin A modify the activity of docetaxel in MCF-7 breast cancer cells?

Ewa Czeczuga-Semeniuk, Dorota Lemancewicz, Slawomir Wolczyński

open access

Vol 45, Supp. I (2007)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2008-04-15
Submitted: 2011-12-19

Abstract

Docetaxel is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of breast cancer. On the other hand, the vitamin A family compounds play the essential roles in many biological processes in mammary gland. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of all-trans retinol, carotenoids (beta-carotene, lycopene) and retinoids (9-cis, 13-cis and all-trans retinoic acid) on the activity of docetaxel and to compare these effects with the estradiol and tamoxifen actions on human ER(+) MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. The evaluation was based on [3H] thymidine incorporation and the proliferative activity of PCNA and Ki 67 positive cells. In our study, the incorporation of [3H] thymidine into cancer cells was inhibited to 50% by 0.2, 0.5 and 1 microM of docetaxel in the 24-hour culture and addition of estradiol (0.001 microM) didn't influence the results. However, addition of tamoxifen caused a statistically significant decrease of the percentage of the proliferating cells in the culture medium with 0.2 and 0.5 microM of docetaxel (38.99 +/- 2.84%, p<0.01 and 40.67 +/- 5.62%, p<0.01) in comparison to the docetaxel only group. The above-mentioned observations were also confirmed with the use of the immunohistochemical investigations. Among the examined vitamin A family compounds, the simultaneous application of beta-carotene (0.1 microM) and docetaxel (0.2 microM) resulted in a statistically significant reduction in the percentage of proliferating cells (40.25 +/- 14.62%, p<0.01). Lycopene (0.1 microM), which stimulates the growth of breast cancer cells in a 24-hour culture, had an inhibitory effect (42.97 +/- 9.58%, p<0.01) when combined with docetaxel (0.2 microM). Although, beta-carotene and lycopene belong to the different chemical groups, they surprisingly had a similar inhibitory influence on both growth and proliferation of MCF-7 breast cancer cells when combined with docetaxel. The application of docetaxel either with beta-carotene or lycopene had comparable inhibitory effect on breast cells growth and proliferation as tamoxifen. Therefore, it may suggest a possible important role of these carotenoids in the breast cancer therapy in women especially when docetaxel is applied.

Abstract

Docetaxel is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of breast cancer. On the other hand, the vitamin A family compounds play the essential roles in many biological processes in mammary gland. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of all-trans retinol, carotenoids (beta-carotene, lycopene) and retinoids (9-cis, 13-cis and all-trans retinoic acid) on the activity of docetaxel and to compare these effects with the estradiol and tamoxifen actions on human ER(+) MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. The evaluation was based on [3H] thymidine incorporation and the proliferative activity of PCNA and Ki 67 positive cells. In our study, the incorporation of [3H] thymidine into cancer cells was inhibited to 50% by 0.2, 0.5 and 1 microM of docetaxel in the 24-hour culture and addition of estradiol (0.001 microM) didn't influence the results. However, addition of tamoxifen caused a statistically significant decrease of the percentage of the proliferating cells in the culture medium with 0.2 and 0.5 microM of docetaxel (38.99 +/- 2.84%, p<0.01 and 40.67 +/- 5.62%, p<0.01) in comparison to the docetaxel only group. The above-mentioned observations were also confirmed with the use of the immunohistochemical investigations. Among the examined vitamin A family compounds, the simultaneous application of beta-carotene (0.1 microM) and docetaxel (0.2 microM) resulted in a statistically significant reduction in the percentage of proliferating cells (40.25 +/- 14.62%, p<0.01). Lycopene (0.1 microM), which stimulates the growth of breast cancer cells in a 24-hour culture, had an inhibitory effect (42.97 +/- 9.58%, p<0.01) when combined with docetaxel (0.2 microM). Although, beta-carotene and lycopene belong to the different chemical groups, they surprisingly had a similar inhibitory influence on both growth and proliferation of MCF-7 breast cancer cells when combined with docetaxel. The application of docetaxel either with beta-carotene or lycopene had comparable inhibitory effect on breast cells growth and proliferation as tamoxifen. Therefore, it may suggest a possible important role of these carotenoids in the breast cancer therapy in women especially when docetaxel is applied.
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About this article
Title

Can vitamin A modify the activity of docetaxel in MCF-7 breast cancer cells?

Journal

Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica

Issue

Vol 45, Supp. I (2007)

Pages

169-174

Published online

2008-04-15

Authors

Ewa Czeczuga-Semeniuk
Dorota Lemancewicz
Slawomir Wolczyński

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