open access

Vol 46, No 1 (2008)
Original paper
Submitted: 2011-12-19
Published online: 2008-02-26
Get Citation

Topography and morphometry of intestinal mast cells in children with Hirschsprung's disease.

Adam Hermanowicz, Wojciech Debek, Ewa Dzienis-Koronkiewicz, Lech Chyczewski
DOI: 10.2478/v10042-008-0008-5
·
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2008;46(1):65-68.

open access

Vol 46, No 1 (2008)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2011-12-19
Published online: 2008-02-26

Abstract

Mast cells (MC) are source of many biological active compounds like cytokines, arachidonic acid derivates, proteoglicanes, prostaglandins, proteases, free oxygen radials, NGF, PAF and many more. The role of MC in pathogenesis of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is not clear. Substances produced by MC may exert an important effect on embryology, growth, differentiation and regeneration of intestinal nervous system. Additionally, MC products modulate inflammation processes thus influencing on the clinical course of HD. Present study was established to evaluate the morphologic MC examination as a support of making diagnosis in HD. The MC topography and morphometry were evaluated in specimens collected from aganglionic colon of patients with diagnosed HD. The results were compared with corresponding data from normally innervated colon of patients suffering from constipation, and normal colon of children not presenting defecation problems. MC were visualized using indirect immunohistochemical method LSAB with mouse antibody against human tryptase. The MC visualized in submucosa and muscular layer in Hirschsprung's disease were significantly larger in comparison with control group (p<0.05). Also the number of MC/mm2 in mucosa and lamina propria in HD was significantly elevated (p<0.05). However, the MC density in submucosa was also higher but it was not high statistically significant. In muscular layer and in serosa density of MC/mm2 was not statistically significant. In the intestinal wall MC in aganglionic segment in Hirschsprung's disease are significantly activated comparing with normally innervated colon segments taken from the patients from other groups. This may confirm the role of MC both in pathogenesis of HD and in the reparation processes of bowel nervous system.

Abstract

Mast cells (MC) are source of many biological active compounds like cytokines, arachidonic acid derivates, proteoglicanes, prostaglandins, proteases, free oxygen radials, NGF, PAF and many more. The role of MC in pathogenesis of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is not clear. Substances produced by MC may exert an important effect on embryology, growth, differentiation and regeneration of intestinal nervous system. Additionally, MC products modulate inflammation processes thus influencing on the clinical course of HD. Present study was established to evaluate the morphologic MC examination as a support of making diagnosis in HD. The MC topography and morphometry were evaluated in specimens collected from aganglionic colon of patients with diagnosed HD. The results were compared with corresponding data from normally innervated colon of patients suffering from constipation, and normal colon of children not presenting defecation problems. MC were visualized using indirect immunohistochemical method LSAB with mouse antibody against human tryptase. The MC visualized in submucosa and muscular layer in Hirschsprung's disease were significantly larger in comparison with control group (p<0.05). Also the number of MC/mm2 in mucosa and lamina propria in HD was significantly elevated (p<0.05). However, the MC density in submucosa was also higher but it was not high statistically significant. In muscular layer and in serosa density of MC/mm2 was not statistically significant. In the intestinal wall MC in aganglionic segment in Hirschsprung's disease are significantly activated comparing with normally innervated colon segments taken from the patients from other groups. This may confirm the role of MC both in pathogenesis of HD and in the reparation processes of bowel nervous system.
Get Citation
About this article
Title

Topography and morphometry of intestinal mast cells in children with Hirschsprung's disease.

Journal

Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica

Issue

Vol 46, No 1 (2008)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

65-68

Published online

2008-02-26

DOI

10.2478/v10042-008-0008-5

Bibliographic record

Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2008;46(1):65-68.

Authors

Adam Hermanowicz
Wojciech Debek
Ewa Dzienis-Koronkiewicz
Lech Chyczewski

Regulations

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl