Vol 46, No 1 (2008)
Original paper
Published online: 2008-02-26

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Resistance of human leukocytes to vesicular stomatitis virus infection as one of the innate antiviral immune activities; participation of cell subpopulations.

Ewa Zaczynska, Danuta Duś, Maria Paprocka, Zofia Błach-Olszewska
DOI: 10.2478/v10042-008-0004-9
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2008;46(1):39-43.

Abstract

Among reactions of innate immunity, resistance of human peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) to viral infection seems important. The purpose of our study was to find, which of the subpopulations of PBL is the most responsible for the innate antiviral immunity of these cells. The innate immunity was measured by using the direct method of infection of leukocytes with vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV). The lack of VSV replication by infected leukocytes (0-1 log TCID50) was taken as an indicator for complete immunity; a low level of VSV (2-3 log) for partial immunity; and high VSV titer (more than 4 log) for no immunity. The resistance/innate immunity of whole PBL and subpopulations such as: adherent cells, fractions enriched in lymphocytes T, and lymphocytes B (separated on column with nylon wool), NK(+) and NK(-) (separated by microbeads activated cell sorting MACS) differ from each other. All fractions express higher resistance/innate immunity than the whole PBL. NK(+) cells were found the most resistant fraction of PBL to VSV infection. The results indicate that among the leukocytes in PBL the regulation mechanisms of innate immunity exist. The study on the mechanism of innate immunity regulation as well as the role of NK in innate immunity of PBL must be continued.

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