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Vol 47, No 3 (2009)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2010-02-19
Submitted: 2011-12-19
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STAT3 and hypoxia induced proteins--HIF-1alpha, EPO and EPOR in relation with Bax and Bcl-xL in nodal metastases of ductal breast cancers.

Andrzej Wincewicz, Mariusz Koda, Mariola Sulkowska, Luiza Kanczuga-Koda, Dominik Wincewicz, Stanislaw Sulkowski
DOI: 10.2478/v10042-009-0099-7
·
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2009;47(3):425-430.

open access

Vol 47, No 3 (2009)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2010-02-19
Submitted: 2011-12-19

Abstract

STAT3 contributes to increase of EPO expression which is also HIF-1 dependent. EPO receptor activates STAT3. Expressions of STAT3 and hypoxia induced proteins: HIF-1, EPO and EPOR show mutual correlations in primary ductal breast cancers, which suggest co-operation among these proteins. Moreover, EPO-EPOR signaling was reported to mediate cell survival by targeting Bcl-xL in competition with Bax-dependent apoptosis. Our present study was focused on immunohistochemical evaluation of STAT3, HIF-1alpha, EPO and EPOR in relation to apoptosis regulators, Bax and Bcl-xL in 39 metastases of ductal breast cancers to lymph nodes. The proteins were abundantly expressed by cancer cells. HIF-1alpha correlated with EPOR in all and in chemotherapy treated metastases (r=0.428, p=0.007 and r=0.462, p=0.040, respectively). HIF-1 associated significantly with EPO in chemotherapy spared metastases (r=0.549, p=0.015) and comparison between those proteins almost reached statistical significance in entire number of metastatic breast cancers (r=0.309, p=0.056). Metastases from T2 primary tumors had significantly higher expressions of HIF-1alpha, EPO and EPOR compared to T1 originating metastases (p=0.020, p=0.028, p=0.021, respectively). Bax correlated with EPO and EPOR in all studied nodal metastases (r=0.449, p=0.006 and r=0.421, p=0.011, respectively) and so did Bcl-xL with HIF-1alpha (r=0.440, p=0.007), EPO and EPOR (r=0.383, p=0.021, r=0.495, p=0.002, respectively). Metastatic breast cancers seem to be areas of intensive signaling by STAT3, HIF-1, EPO and EPOR. Strong Bax and Bcl-xL labeling reflects accelerated cell turnover in nodal metastases. By means of association with Bcl-xL, HIF-1alpha, EPO and EPOR could favor growth of nodal metastases and survival of breast cancers cells.

Abstract

STAT3 contributes to increase of EPO expression which is also HIF-1 dependent. EPO receptor activates STAT3. Expressions of STAT3 and hypoxia induced proteins: HIF-1, EPO and EPOR show mutual correlations in primary ductal breast cancers, which suggest co-operation among these proteins. Moreover, EPO-EPOR signaling was reported to mediate cell survival by targeting Bcl-xL in competition with Bax-dependent apoptosis. Our present study was focused on immunohistochemical evaluation of STAT3, HIF-1alpha, EPO and EPOR in relation to apoptosis regulators, Bax and Bcl-xL in 39 metastases of ductal breast cancers to lymph nodes. The proteins were abundantly expressed by cancer cells. HIF-1alpha correlated with EPOR in all and in chemotherapy treated metastases (r=0.428, p=0.007 and r=0.462, p=0.040, respectively). HIF-1 associated significantly with EPO in chemotherapy spared metastases (r=0.549, p=0.015) and comparison between those proteins almost reached statistical significance in entire number of metastatic breast cancers (r=0.309, p=0.056). Metastases from T2 primary tumors had significantly higher expressions of HIF-1alpha, EPO and EPOR compared to T1 originating metastases (p=0.020, p=0.028, p=0.021, respectively). Bax correlated with EPO and EPOR in all studied nodal metastases (r=0.449, p=0.006 and r=0.421, p=0.011, respectively) and so did Bcl-xL with HIF-1alpha (r=0.440, p=0.007), EPO and EPOR (r=0.383, p=0.021, r=0.495, p=0.002, respectively). Metastatic breast cancers seem to be areas of intensive signaling by STAT3, HIF-1, EPO and EPOR. Strong Bax and Bcl-xL labeling reflects accelerated cell turnover in nodal metastases. By means of association with Bcl-xL, HIF-1alpha, EPO and EPOR could favor growth of nodal metastases and survival of breast cancers cells.
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About this article
Title

STAT3 and hypoxia induced proteins--HIF-1alpha, EPO and EPOR in relation with Bax and Bcl-xL in nodal metastases of ductal breast cancers.

Journal

Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica

Issue

Vol 47, No 3 (2009)

Pages

425-430

Published online

2010-02-19

DOI

10.2478/v10042-009-0099-7

Bibliographic record

Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2009;47(3):425-430.

Authors

Andrzej Wincewicz
Mariusz Koda
Mariola Sulkowska
Luiza Kanczuga-Koda
Dominik Wincewicz
Stanislaw Sulkowski

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