open access

Vol 47, No 4 (2009)
Original paper
Submitted: 2011-12-19
Published online: 2010-05-01
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Lymphocytes sensitivity to Fas stimulation in healthy and asthmatic children.

Olga Potapińska, Anna Zawadzka-Krajewska, Iwona Kotuła, Beata Pyrzak, Katarzyna Gomułka, Maria Wasik, Urszula Demkow
DOI: 10.2478/v10042-009-0119-7
·
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2009;47(4):647-651.

open access

Vol 47, No 4 (2009)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2011-12-19
Published online: 2010-05-01

Abstract

The T cell hypothesis of asthma is based on the concept that the disease is driven and maintained by the persistence of a specialized subset of chronically activated T memory cells sensitized against an array of allergenic, occupational or viral antigens. Overreaction of CD4+ T cells in the peripheral blood and airway tissues is an invariant feature of asthma; therefore a potent mechanism for augmenting the number of activated T cells in this disease would be the resistance to the normally programmed pathway for cell death. The aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of apoptotic markers on peripheral blood lymphocytes from healthy and asthmatic children before and after stimulation with antiCD95 antibodies. The blood was collected from 21 children with atopic asthma suffering from allergic rhinitis because of house dust mite and/or grass pollen allergens and 8 healthy children matched for their age and sex. Blood was mixed with purified monoclonal antibody antiCD95 (Beckman Coulter), incubated for 24 hours and than stained with Annexin V andPI (Becton Dickinson). Prepared suspensions were analyzed with Cytomics FC 500 (Beckman Coulter) flow cytometer. Annexin V(+)/PI(-) cells were characterized as early apoptotic, Annexin V(+)/PI(+) as late apoptotic and Annexin V(-)/PI(+) as dead. In unstimulated sample from asthmatic children 21.09+/-11.20% cells were characterized as Annexin V positive/PI negative. After stimulation with antiCD95 Annexin V positive/PI negative cells constituted 18.72+/-9.42% of cells, p=0.1. In unstimulated sample from healthy children 11.69+/-6.70% cells were characterized as Annexin V positive/PI negative. In the sample stimulated with antiCD95 16.54+/-2.98% of cells were Annexin V positive/PI negative, p=0.02. There were no differences between results of late apoptotic and necrotic lymphocytes from healthy and asthmatic children. Performed research indicates that lymphocytes from asthmatic children are resistant to Fas mediated apoptosis.

Abstract

The T cell hypothesis of asthma is based on the concept that the disease is driven and maintained by the persistence of a specialized subset of chronically activated T memory cells sensitized against an array of allergenic, occupational or viral antigens. Overreaction of CD4+ T cells in the peripheral blood and airway tissues is an invariant feature of asthma; therefore a potent mechanism for augmenting the number of activated T cells in this disease would be the resistance to the normally programmed pathway for cell death. The aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of apoptotic markers on peripheral blood lymphocytes from healthy and asthmatic children before and after stimulation with antiCD95 antibodies. The blood was collected from 21 children with atopic asthma suffering from allergic rhinitis because of house dust mite and/or grass pollen allergens and 8 healthy children matched for their age and sex. Blood was mixed with purified monoclonal antibody antiCD95 (Beckman Coulter), incubated for 24 hours and than stained with Annexin V andPI (Becton Dickinson). Prepared suspensions were analyzed with Cytomics FC 500 (Beckman Coulter) flow cytometer. Annexin V(+)/PI(-) cells were characterized as early apoptotic, Annexin V(+)/PI(+) as late apoptotic and Annexin V(-)/PI(+) as dead. In unstimulated sample from asthmatic children 21.09+/-11.20% cells were characterized as Annexin V positive/PI negative. After stimulation with antiCD95 Annexin V positive/PI negative cells constituted 18.72+/-9.42% of cells, p=0.1. In unstimulated sample from healthy children 11.69+/-6.70% cells were characterized as Annexin V positive/PI negative. In the sample stimulated with antiCD95 16.54+/-2.98% of cells were Annexin V positive/PI negative, p=0.02. There were no differences between results of late apoptotic and necrotic lymphocytes from healthy and asthmatic children. Performed research indicates that lymphocytes from asthmatic children are resistant to Fas mediated apoptosis.
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About this article
Title

Lymphocytes sensitivity to Fas stimulation in healthy and asthmatic children.

Journal

Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica

Issue

Vol 47, No 4 (2009)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

647-651

Published online

2010-05-01

DOI

10.2478/v10042-009-0119-7

Bibliographic record

Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2009;47(4):647-651.

Authors

Olga Potapińska
Anna Zawadzka-Krajewska
Iwona Kotuła
Beata Pyrzak
Katarzyna Gomułka
Maria Wasik
Urszula Demkow

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