open access

Vol 48, No 1 (2010)
Original paper
Published online: 2010-06-10
Submitted: 2011-12-19
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The expression of E-cadherin-catenin complex in patients with advanced gastric cancer: role in formation of metastasis.

Jolanta Czyzewska, Katarzyna Guzińska-Ustymowicz, Marek Ustymowicz, Anna Pryczynicz, Andrzej Kemona
DOI: 10.2478/v10042-010-0017-z
·
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2010;48(1):37-45.

open access

Vol 48, No 1 (2010)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2010-06-10
Submitted: 2011-12-19

Abstract

The E-cadherin-catenin complex plays an important role in the process of cell adhesion. Its dysfunction is associated with a decrease in cell differentiation and with increased invasiveness and metastasis. Our aim was to evaluate the expression of E-cadherin and B-catenin in advanced gastric cancer in relation to selected clinico-pathomorphological parameters. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue specimens were immunohistochemically stained with monoclonal antibodies E-cadherin (NCL-E-Cad, Novocastra Laboratiries Ltd; dilution 1:50), beta-catenin (NCL-B-CAT, Novocastra Laboratories Ltd; dilution 1:100), alpha-catenin (alpha-E-caten, Santa Cruz Biotechnology; dilution 1:300) and gamma-catenin (gamma-catenin, Santa Cruz Biotechnology; dilution 1:100). The expressions of E-cadherin and alpha-, beta-, gamma-catenins in the main mass of tumor and lymph node metastasis were investigated in 91 patients with gastric cancer. No statistically significant correlation was observed between the expressions of E-cadherin, alpha-, beta-catenins and histological differentiation and between the expressions of E-cadherin, alpha-, gamma-catenins and location or depth of invasion. Moreover, the expression of alpha-, gamma-catenins in the main mass of tumor was not associated with lymph node metastasis. However, we found a relationship between the expression of beta-catenin in the main mass of tumor and lymph node metastasis and tumor location. The depth of invasion was correlated with positive expression of beta-catenin in the main mass of gastric cancer. A statistically significant association was observed between the expressions of E-cadherin and beta-catenin in the main mass of tumor and lymph node involvement. The expression of alpha-catenin in the main mass of tumor was also associated with histological differentiation and Lauren's classification. Statistical analysis showed an association between the expression of E-cadherin and postoperative survival time. No significant correlation was found between the expression of alpha-, beta-, gamma-catenins and survival time. Our results may suggest that the E-cadherin-catenin complex is the factor indicative of metastasis and disease progression in gastric cancer. Also the expression of E-cadherin may play a role as a prognostic factor.

Abstract

The E-cadherin-catenin complex plays an important role in the process of cell adhesion. Its dysfunction is associated with a decrease in cell differentiation and with increased invasiveness and metastasis. Our aim was to evaluate the expression of E-cadherin and B-catenin in advanced gastric cancer in relation to selected clinico-pathomorphological parameters. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue specimens were immunohistochemically stained with monoclonal antibodies E-cadherin (NCL-E-Cad, Novocastra Laboratiries Ltd; dilution 1:50), beta-catenin (NCL-B-CAT, Novocastra Laboratories Ltd; dilution 1:100), alpha-catenin (alpha-E-caten, Santa Cruz Biotechnology; dilution 1:300) and gamma-catenin (gamma-catenin, Santa Cruz Biotechnology; dilution 1:100). The expressions of E-cadherin and alpha-, beta-, gamma-catenins in the main mass of tumor and lymph node metastasis were investigated in 91 patients with gastric cancer. No statistically significant correlation was observed between the expressions of E-cadherin, alpha-, beta-catenins and histological differentiation and between the expressions of E-cadherin, alpha-, gamma-catenins and location or depth of invasion. Moreover, the expression of alpha-, gamma-catenins in the main mass of tumor was not associated with lymph node metastasis. However, we found a relationship between the expression of beta-catenin in the main mass of tumor and lymph node metastasis and tumor location. The depth of invasion was correlated with positive expression of beta-catenin in the main mass of gastric cancer. A statistically significant association was observed between the expressions of E-cadherin and beta-catenin in the main mass of tumor and lymph node involvement. The expression of alpha-catenin in the main mass of tumor was also associated with histological differentiation and Lauren's classification. Statistical analysis showed an association between the expression of E-cadherin and postoperative survival time. No significant correlation was found between the expression of alpha-, beta-, gamma-catenins and survival time. Our results may suggest that the E-cadherin-catenin complex is the factor indicative of metastasis and disease progression in gastric cancer. Also the expression of E-cadherin may play a role as a prognostic factor.
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About this article
Title

The expression of E-cadherin-catenin complex in patients with advanced gastric cancer: role in formation of metastasis.

Journal

Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica

Issue

Vol 48, No 1 (2010)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

37-45

Published online

2010-06-10

DOI

10.2478/v10042-010-0017-z

Bibliographic record

Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2010;48(1):37-45.

Authors

Jolanta Czyzewska
Katarzyna Guzińska-Ustymowicz
Marek Ustymowicz
Anna Pryczynicz
Andrzej Kemona

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