Vol 48, No 3 (2010)
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Published online: 2010-11-13

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Correlation of Ki-67 and MCM-2 proliferative marker expression with grade of histological malignancy (G) in ductal breast cancers.

Andrzej Wojnar, Christopher Kobierzycki, Anna Krolicka, Bartosz Pula, Marzena Podhorska-Okolow, Piotr Dziegiel
DOI: 10.2478/v10042-010-0069-0
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2010;48(3):442-446.


The study aimed at examining a relationship between expression of Ki-67 antigen and minichromosome maintenance 2 protein (MCM-2) and a grade of histological malignancy G in ductal breast cancers. The function of widely used marker of proliferation Ki-67 is still not clear. In contrast, the MCM-2 protein is well known to play an important role in controlling the cell cycle. Both proteins represent small protein molecules, which manifest nuclear expression only during cell division of normal and neoplastic cells. Their expression is noted in several malignant tumours. These studies were conducted on 56 archival paraffin blocks of ductal breast cancers. Immunohistochemical reactions were performed using monoclonal Ki-67- and MCM-2-specific antibodies. Statistical analysis demonstrated a positive correlation between expressions of two proteins (r=0.6; p<0.05). The most intense expression of these two markers was demonstrated in G3 grade cancers. Statistical analysis showed more pronounced expression of Ki-67 antigen in G3 grade cancers as compared to cancers of G1 and G2 grades (p<0.001) and, in the case of MCM-2 protein, a more pronounced expression in G3 grade cancers, as compared to those of G1 (p<0.05) or G2 grade (p<0.01). The results obtained in our study suggest that MCM-2 could be used as a marker of proliferation in breast carcinomas.

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Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica