Vol 48, No 4 (2010)
Original paper
Published online: 2011-04-12

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mRNA and protein expression of FGF-1, FGF-2 and their receptors in the porcine umbilical cord during pregnancy.

M Chrusciel, R Rekawiecki, A J Ziecik, A Andronowska
DOI: 10.2478/v10042-010-0073-4
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2010;48(4):572-580.


The fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are multifunctional proteins that, among other roles, regulate structural reorganization of uterine and placental vascular bed during pregnancy. Thus, we analyzed mRNA and protein expression and immunohistochemical localization of FGF-1 and FGF-2, and their receptors (FGFR-1 and FGFR-2) in the developing umbilical cord (UC) on days 40, 60, 75 and 90 of pregnancy and after the physiological delivery in the pig (day 114). qPCR analysis demonstrated an increase in FGF-1 and FGF-2 mRNA levels beginning on day 75 and on day 114 of pregnancy, respectively. In addition, significantly increased FGFR-1IIIc mRNA expression was also found on day 114. On the other hand, no significant changes in FGFR-2IIIb mRNA expression were observed. Western Blot analysis revealed a decrease in FGF-1 and FGFR-2 protein expression after day 40. Beside an increased protein expression of FGF-2 on day 60, no significant changes in FGFR-1 protein expression were detected. Immunohistochemical staining enabled detection of FGF-FGFR system, with different intensity of immunoreaction in endothelial and tunica media cells of the umbilical vessels and in allantoic duct and amniotic epithelium as well as in myofibroblasts. In conclusion, our results show that members of FGF-FGFR system are expressed specifically in UC structures. Furthermore their day of pregnancy-related expression suggest that they may be an important players during UC formation and development.

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