Vol 48, No 4 (2010)
Original paper
Published online: 2011-04-12

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Investigation of interaction of human platelet membrane components with anticoagulant drugs Abciximab and Eptifibatide.

Ewa Gorodkiewicz, Anna Sankiewicz, Zbigniew A Figaszewski
DOI: 10.2478/v10042-010-0090-3
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2010;48(4):687-692.

Abstract

Abciximab (Abci) and eptifibatide (Epti) are antiaggregate drugs which may reduce thrombotic complications in acute coronary syndromes. The aim of this work was the investigation of the interaction between the phospholipid-GPIIb/IIIa glycoprotein complex and Abci or Epti, and the influence of these drugs on the phospholipid ratio in the platelet membrane. The interaction between the phospholipid-GPIIb/IIIa glycoprotein complex and antiaggregate drugs were investigated using the Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging technique (SPRI). Phospholipids phosphatidylinositol (PI), phosphatidylserine (PS), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylcholine (PC) and sphingomyelin (SM) were first immobilized onto the gold chip surface. The phospholipid ratio in the platelet membrane was determined by the HPLC. Only PI, PS, PE and PC were determined. Human platelets treated 'in vitro' with Abci or Epti exhibit changes in the phospholipid ratio in the platelet membrane. The ratio of PS decreases and PC rises. The SPRI distinctly shows interactions between phospholipids and glycoprotein GPIIb/IIIa, and between the phospholipid-glycoprotein GPIIb/IIIa complex and Abci or Epti. The interaction between phospholipids and glycoprotein GPIIb/IIIa is growing in the sequence: PI

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