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Vol 18, No 4 (2023)
Case report
Published online: 2023-06-26

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Acute tricuspid valve regurgitation in a motorcycle accident

Paweł Kozieł1, Kamil Baczewski12, Maria Grodkiewicz1, Monika Borowiecka1, Magdalena Ignarska1, Janusz Stążka12
Folia Cardiologica 2023;18(4):173-175.

Abstract

Tricuspid regurgitation is secondary in 90% of cases. We would like to present two case reports of primary tricuspid regurgitation caused by rupture of the papillary muscle as a result of traffic accidents. This series of cases presents a very rare heart injury caused by blunt chest trauma. Regular monitoring of echocardiographic parameters in the period between the stabilization of patients’ condition after the accident and surgical correction of the tricuspid valve defect is an important point of patient care with severe tricuspid regurgitation.

CASE REPORT/PRACA KAZUISTYCZNA

Folia Cardiologica 2023

vol. 18, no. 4, pages 173–175

DOI: 10.5603/FC.a2023.0016

Copyright © 2023 Via Medica

ISSN 2353–7752

e-ISSN 2353–7760

Acute tricuspid valve regurgitation in a motorcycle accident

Ostra niedomykalność zastawki trójdzielnej po wypadku motocyklowym

Paweł Kozieł1Kamil Baczewski12Maria Grodkiewicz1Monika Borowiecka1Magdalena Ignarska1Janusz Stążka12
1Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
2Department of Cardiac Surgery, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland

Address for correspondence: Kamil Baczewski MD, Kliniczny Oddział Kardiochirurgii, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie, ul. Jaczewskiego 8, 20–954 Lublin, Poland, e-mail: drkamilbaczewski@gmail.com

This article is available in open access under Creative Common Attribution-Non-Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license, allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.

Abstract
Tricuspid regurgitation is secondary in 90% of cases. We would like to present two case reports of primary tricuspid regurgitation caused by rupture of the papillary muscle as a result of traffic accidents. This series of cases presents a very rare heart injury caused by blunt chest trauma. Regular monitoring of echocardiographic parameters in the period between the stabilization of patients’ condition after the accident and surgical correction of the tricuspid valve defect is an important point of patient care with severe tricuspid regurgitation.
Key words: acute tricuspid regurgitation, primary tricuspid regurgitation, heart injury
Folia Cardiologica 2023; 18, 4: 173–175

An 18-year-old man suffered severe tricuspid regurgitation and orthopaedic injuries in a motorcycle accident. In 3 months, the patient underwent orthopaedic treatment and cardiological control to qualify for cardiac surgery. Echocardiography showed severe tricuspid regurgitation, caused by a rupture of the papillary muscle leading the tendon threads to the anterior leaflet of the tricuspid valve. The left ventricular ejection fraction was 55%, and the patient complained of exertional dyspnoea, which corresponded to New York Heart Association class II. The patient was qualified for cardiac surgery to correct the valve defect. A sternotomy and cannulation of the ascending aorta and both vena cava were performed. On the beating heart, after opening the right atrium, the tendon threads of the anterior leaflet were sutured to the muscle of the right ventricle. Edwards MC3 34 ring was sewn in for stabilization. Follow-up trans­oesophageal echocardiography showed insignificant, small tricuspid regurgitation. Echocardiographic control after 4 months showed no significant changes.

A 26-year-old man suffered a traffic accident as a motorcycle driver. The patient underwent type II ASD correction surgery in childhood. After the accident, the patient was hospitalized for 5 days at the Department of General Surgery due to concussion, right shoulder injuries and right lung contusion. Three days after discharge from the hospital, he went to the ER for stabbing chest pain. Echocardiography revealed significant tricuspid regurgitation and a ballot formation on the tricuspid valve. A cardiac angio-CT examination confirmed a rupture of the papillary muscle of the right ventricle. The patient was admitted to the Department of Cardiac Surgery in a semi-elective mode for surgical correction of valve defect. A surgical procedure was performed in extracorporeal circulation, including resternotomy, suturing of the torn papillary muscle of the anterior leaflet to the right ventricular wall, and insertion of the Edwards MC3 Tricuspid Annuloplasty Ring 32. Intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography confirmed the proper functioning of the valve after surgery. The course of hospitalization was uncomplicated.

The mechanisms responsible for such injuries in most cases are blunt force injuries [1], and car accidents are their most common cause. Typical tricuspid valve injuries include cord rupture, papillary muscle rupture, and leaflet rupture. Maisano et al. [2] reviewed 74 reported cases and found that cord rupture (n = 41, 55.4%) was the most common cause of tricuspid regurgitation. Severe tricuspid regurgitation is associated with poorer survival [3] and worsening heart failure [4]. Timely surgical treatment is essential to avoid irreversible right ventricular damage and multiple organ failure, which may be associated with increased surgical risk if interventional treatment is delayed [5].

This series of cases presents a very rare heart injury caused by blunt chest trauma. Regular monitoring of echocardiographic parameters in the period between the stabilization of patients’ condition after the accident and surgical correction of the tricuspid valve defect is an important point of patient care with severe tricuspid regurgitation.

Article information

Acknowledgments

Thanks to Professor Janusz Stążka for agreeing to involve students of the Students’ Scientific Association in writing the research paper.

Author contributions

All authors worked together on the final image of the article.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Ethics statement

No ethical concerns related to the submitted work.

Funding

None declared.

Streszczenie

Niedomykalność zastawki trójdzielnej w 90% przypadków ma charakter wtórny. W niniejszej pracy przedstawiono dwa opisy przypadków pierwotnej niedomykalności zastawki trójdzielnej spowodowanej pęknięciem mięśnia brodawkowatego w wyniku wypadku drogowego. Ta seria przypadków przedstawia bardzo rzadki uraz serca spowodowany tępym urazem klatki piersiowej. Regularne monitorowanie parametrów echokardiograficznych w okresie między stabilizacją stanu pacjenta po wypadku a chirurgiczną korekcją wady zastawki trójdzielnej jest ważnym punktem opieki nad pacjentem z ciężką niedomykalnością trójdzielną.

Słowa kluczowe: ostra niedomykalność trójdzielna, urazowa niedomykalność trójdzielna, uraz serca

Folia Cardiologica 2023; 18, 4: 173–175

References

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  2. Maisano F, Lorusso R, Sandrelli L, et al. Valve repair for traumatic tricuspid regurgitation. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 1996; 10(10): 867––873, doi: 10.1016/s1010-7940(96)80313-7, indexed in Pubmed: 8911840.
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  5. Antunes MJ, Rodríguez-Palomares J, Prendergast B, et al. ESC Working Groups of Cardiovascular Surgery and Valvular Heart Disease. Management of tricuspid valve regurgitation: Position statement of the European Society of Cardiology Working Groups of Cardiovascular Surgery and Valvular Heart Disease. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2017; 52(6): 1022–1030, doi: 10.1093/ejcts/ezx279, indexed in Pubmed: 28950325.