open access

Vol 72, No 5 (2021)
Editorial
Submitted: 2021-08-31
Accepted: 2021-09-01
Published online: 2021-10-29
Get Citation

100 years of insulin: victories, hopes, and existing challenges

Krystyna Pierzchała-Koziec1, Colin G. Scanes23
DOI: 10.5603/EP.a2021.0081
·
Endokrynologia Polska 2021;72(5):489-491.
Affiliations
  1. Department of Animal Physiology and Endocrinology, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Krakow, Poland
  2. Center of Excellence in Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, United States, Milwaukee
  3. Department of Biological Science, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, United States

open access

Vol 72, No 5 (2021)
Editorial
Submitted: 2021-08-31
Accepted: 2021-09-01
Published online: 2021-10-29

Abstract

Not available

Abstract

Not available
Get Citation
About this article
Title

100 years of insulin: victories, hopes, and existing challenges

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 72, No 5 (2021)

Article type

Editorial

Pages

489-491

Published online

2021-10-29

DOI

10.5603/EP.a2021.0081

Bibliographic record

Endokrynologia Polska 2021;72(5):489-491.

Authors

Krystyna Pierzchała-Koziec
Colin G. Scanes

References (18)
  1. Fralick M, Zinman B. The discovery of insulin in Toronto: beginning a 100 year journey of research and clinical achievement. Diabetologia. 2021; 64(5): 947–953.
  2. Mering J, Minkowski O. Diabetes mellitus nach Pankreasextirpation. Centralblatt für Klinische Medicin, Leipzig. 1889; 10(23): 393–394.
  3. Banting FG, Best CH, Collip JB, et al. Preliminary studies of the physiological of insulin. Trans R Soc Can. 1922a; 16: 18–21.
  4. Banting FG, Best CH, Collip JB, et al. The effect of pancreatic extract (insulin) on normal rabbits. Am J Physiol. 1922; 62(1): 162–176.
  5. Vecchio I, Tornali C, Bragazzi NL, et al. The Discovery of Insulin: An Important Milestone in the History of Medicine. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2018; 9: 613.
  6. Kahn CR, Roth J. Berson, Yalow, and the JCI: the agony and the ecstasy. J Clin Invest. 2004; 114(8): 1051–1054.
  7. Veenstra JA. Arthropod IGF, relaxin and gonadulin, putative orthologs of insulin-like peptides 6, 7 and 8, likely originated from an ancient gene triplication. PeerJ. 2020; 8: e9534.
  8. Home P. The evolution of insulin therapy. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2021; 175: 108816.
  9. Rokicka D, Marek B, Kajdaniuk D, et al. Hypoglycaemia in endocrine, diabetic, and internal diseases [Hipoglikemia w schorzeniach endokrynologicznych, diabetologicznych i internistycznych]. Endokrynol Pol. 2019; 70(3): 277–297.
  10. WHO, 2021. Diabetes. https://www.who.int/health-topics/diabetes#tab=tab_1.
  11. Leal J, Gray AM, Clarke PM. Development of life-expectancy tables for people with type 2 diabetes. Eur Heart J. 2009; 30(7): 834–839.
  12. Gu K, Cowie CC, Harris MI. Mortality in adults with and without diabetes in a national cohort of the U.S. population, 1971-1993. Diabetes Care. 1998; 21(7): 1138–1145.
  13. Dale AC, Nilsen TI, Vatten L, et al. Diabetes mellitus and risk of fatal ischaemic heart disease by gender: 18 years follow-up of 74,914 individuals in the HUNT 1 Study. Eur Heart J. 2007; 28(23): 2924–2929.
  14. Tachkov K, Mitov K, Koleva Y, et al. Life expectancy and survival analysis of patients with diabetes compared to the non diabetic population in Bulgaria. PLoS One. 2020; 15(5): e0232815.
  15. Molina CS, Faulk JB. Lower extremity amputation. StatPearls Publishing, Treasure Island 2021.
  16. Dahlström EH, Sandholm N, Forsblom CM, et al. Body Mass Index and Mortality in Individuals With Type 1 Diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2019; 104(11): 5195–5204.
  17. Kułaczkowska ZM, Wróbel M, Rokicka D, et al. Metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and heart failure: a review. Endokrynol Pol. 2021; 72(2): 163–170.
  18. Estrella Ibarra P, García-Solís P, Solís-Sáinz JC, et al. Expression of miRNA in obesity and insulin resistance: a review. Endokrynol Pol. 2021; 72(1): 73–80.

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