open access

Vol 71, No 5 (2020)
Original paper
Published online: 2020-09-18
Submitted: 2020-07-09
Accepted: 2020-08-02
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Analysis of clinical features and pulmonary CT features of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with diabetes mellitus

Yimin Yan, Fang Yang, Xinxin Zhu, Min Wang, Zhibing Sun, Tao Zhao, Xiaohong Yang, Yi Zou
DOI: 10.5603/EP.a2020.0055
·
Pubmed: 33125688
·
Endokrynologia Polska 2020;71(5):367-375.

open access

Vol 71, No 5 (2020)
Original Paper
Published online: 2020-09-18
Submitted: 2020-07-09
Accepted: 2020-08-02

Abstract

Introduction: The objective of this paper was to investigate the clinical features and pulmonary CT imaging features of COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus.

Material and methods: From January 16, 2020 to March 28, 2020, among the 568 cases of COVID-19 patients diagnosed in Xiaogan Central Hospital, 64 cases of COVID-19 patients with diabetes were selected as the diabetic group, and 64 cases of COVID-19 patients with age and gender matching without diabetes were selected as the non-diabetic group, and their clinical data and pulmonary CT characteristics were retrospectively analysed.

Results: Compared with the non-diabetic group, the proportion of patients in the diabetic group with chronic underlying disease was higher, and they were in more a serious condition at admission. Inflammation index and characteristics of glycolipid metabolism results showed that COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus were more likely to have elevated inflammatory markers and hypercoagulability, accompanied by hypoproteinaemia and glucose and lipid metabolism disorders. Treatment and clinic outcome results showed that the time of nucleic acid turning negative in the diabetic group was significantly longer than that in the non-diabetic group. Radiological data showed that COVID-19 combined with diabetes prolonged the time of detoxification in patients.

Conclusion: COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus and chronic hypertension are associated with increased inflammatory markers and disorders of glucose and lipid metabolism. These patients tend to develop serious diseases, especially the rapid progression of CT lesions in the lungs of patients with a wide range of involvement, and prolonged absorption and detoxification time.

Abstract

Introduction: The objective of this paper was to investigate the clinical features and pulmonary CT imaging features of COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus.

Material and methods: From January 16, 2020 to March 28, 2020, among the 568 cases of COVID-19 patients diagnosed in Xiaogan Central Hospital, 64 cases of COVID-19 patients with diabetes were selected as the diabetic group, and 64 cases of COVID-19 patients with age and gender matching without diabetes were selected as the non-diabetic group, and their clinical data and pulmonary CT characteristics were retrospectively analysed.

Results: Compared with the non-diabetic group, the proportion of patients in the diabetic group with chronic underlying disease was higher, and they were in more a serious condition at admission. Inflammation index and characteristics of glycolipid metabolism results showed that COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus were more likely to have elevated inflammatory markers and hypercoagulability, accompanied by hypoproteinaemia and glucose and lipid metabolism disorders. Treatment and clinic outcome results showed that the time of nucleic acid turning negative in the diabetic group was significantly longer than that in the non-diabetic group. Radiological data showed that COVID-19 combined with diabetes prolonged the time of detoxification in patients.

Conclusion: COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus and chronic hypertension are associated with increased inflammatory markers and disorders of glucose and lipid metabolism. These patients tend to develop serious diseases, especially the rapid progression of CT lesions in the lungs of patients with a wide range of involvement, and prolonged absorption and detoxification time.

Get Citation

Keywords

COVID-19; diabetes; CT image; detoxification time

About this article
Title

Analysis of clinical features and pulmonary CT features of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with diabetes mellitus

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 71, No 5 (2020)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

367-375

Published online

2020-09-18

DOI

10.5603/EP.a2020.0055

Pubmed

33125688

Bibliographic record

Endokrynologia Polska 2020;71(5):367-375.

Keywords

COVID-19
diabetes
CT image
detoxification time

Authors

Yimin Yan
Fang Yang
Xinxin Zhu
Min Wang
Zhibing Sun
Tao Zhao
Xiaohong Yang
Yi Zou

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