open access

Vol 71, No 6 (2020)
Original paper
Published online: 2020-09-04
Submitted: 2020-04-07
Accepted: 2020-05-30
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Correlation analysis of cortisol concentration in hair versus concentrations in serum, saliva, and urine

Łukasz Cieszyński, Jarosław Jendrzejewski, Piotr Wiśniewski, Przemysław Kłosowski, Krzysztof Sworczak
DOI: 10.5603/EP.a2020.0058
·
Pubmed: 32944922
·
Endokrynologia Polska 2020;71(6):539-544.

open access

Vol 71, No 6 (2020)
Original Paper
Published online: 2020-09-04
Submitted: 2020-04-07
Accepted: 2020-05-30

Abstract

Introduction: Cortisol concentration is measured in blood, urine, and saliva samples. It has been recently proven that cortisol could also be detected in hair samples. Cortisol measurements in different samples have their own individual characteristics and clinical utility. We aimed to investigate the correlation between hair cortisol concentration and standard cortisol measurements used in clinical practice.

Material and methods: Fifty adult volunteers with a negative history of endocrine disorders were enrolled in the study. Morning serum cortisol (MSC), evening serum cortisol (ESC), evening free salivary cortisol (EFSC), urine free cortisol (UFC), and hair cortisol concentration (HCC) were analysed in all participants. Eventually, 41 volunteers were included into the study, whose cortisol concentration in the 1 mg overnight dexamethasone suppression test (1 mg ONDST) were < 50 nmol/L, and cortisol levels in serum, saliva, and urine were within reference ranges. Hair cortisol concentration test was performed for 20 mg of hair strands of the proximal 1 cm hair segments.

Results: Hair cortisol concentration ranged from 0.3036 to 2.65 nmol/mg, and the average value was 0.8125 ± 0.4834 nmol/mg. No significant correlations were found between HCC and MSC (rho = 0.04419, p = 0.7838), HCC and ESC (rho = –0.2071, p = 0.1938), HCC and EFSC (rho = 0.1005, p = 0.532), or HCC and UFC (rho = 0.1793, p = 0.262).
Conclusions: This work is another step in the discussion on the application of HCC determinations in clinical practice. Our results have showed no correlations between HCC and single point cortisol assessment in blood, saliva, and urine in patients with reference cortisol levels.

Abstract

Introduction: Cortisol concentration is measured in blood, urine, and saliva samples. It has been recently proven that cortisol could also be detected in hair samples. Cortisol measurements in different samples have their own individual characteristics and clinical utility. We aimed to investigate the correlation between hair cortisol concentration and standard cortisol measurements used in clinical practice.

Material and methods: Fifty adult volunteers with a negative history of endocrine disorders were enrolled in the study. Morning serum cortisol (MSC), evening serum cortisol (ESC), evening free salivary cortisol (EFSC), urine free cortisol (UFC), and hair cortisol concentration (HCC) were analysed in all participants. Eventually, 41 volunteers were included into the study, whose cortisol concentration in the 1 mg overnight dexamethasone suppression test (1 mg ONDST) were < 50 nmol/L, and cortisol levels in serum, saliva, and urine were within reference ranges. Hair cortisol concentration test was performed for 20 mg of hair strands of the proximal 1 cm hair segments.

Results: Hair cortisol concentration ranged from 0.3036 to 2.65 nmol/mg, and the average value was 0.8125 ± 0.4834 nmol/mg. No significant correlations were found between HCC and MSC (rho = 0.04419, p = 0.7838), HCC and ESC (rho = –0.2071, p = 0.1938), HCC and EFSC (rho = 0.1005, p = 0.532), or HCC and UFC (rho = 0.1793, p = 0.262).
Conclusions: This work is another step in the discussion on the application of HCC determinations in clinical practice. Our results have showed no correlations between HCC and single point cortisol assessment in blood, saliva, and urine in patients with reference cortisol levels.

Get Citation

Keywords

hair cortisol; serum cortisol; salivary cortisol; urine cortisol; cortisol assessment; cortisol correlation

About this article
Title

Correlation analysis of cortisol concentration in hair versus concentrations in serum, saliva, and urine

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 71, No 6 (2020)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

539-544

Published online

2020-09-04

DOI

10.5603/EP.a2020.0058

Pubmed

32944922

Bibliographic record

Endokrynologia Polska 2020;71(6):539-544.

Keywords

hair cortisol
serum cortisol
salivary cortisol
urine cortisol
cortisol assessment
cortisol correlation

Authors

Łukasz Cieszyński
Jarosław Jendrzejewski
Piotr Wiśniewski
Przemysław Kłosowski
Krzysztof Sworczak

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