Vol 71, No 2 (2020)
Original paper
Published online: 2020-03-04

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miR-1258: a novel microRNA that controls TMPRSS4 expression is associated with malignant progression of papillary thyroid carcinoma

Li-Juan Wang1, Han-Qing Cai1
Pubmed: 32154571
Endokrynol Pol 2020;71(2):146-152.


Background: MicroRNA-1258 (miR-1258) has been shown to play an anti-cancer role in a variety of cancers, but its relationship with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) has not been reported. The emphasis of this research was to reveal the biological function of miR-1258 in PTC and its potential mechanisms. Material and methods: We measured miR-1258 expression in PTC cells and the transfection efficiency of miR-1258 mimic and miR-1258 inhibitor by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) assay. Cell Counting Kit-8 assay (CCK8) and Transwell experiments were conducted to examine the influences of altering miR-1258 expression on the viability, migration, and invasion of PTC cells. Bioinformatics prediction and dual-luciferase experiment were performed to verify the target gene of miR-1258. Finally, we carried out a rescue assay to verify whether the regulation of miR-1258 on the biological behaviour of PTC cells needs to be achieved by regulating TMPRSS4. Results: The outcomes revealed that miR-1258 was lowly expressed in PTC cell lines and miR-1258 showed the lowest expression in KTC-1 and the highest expression in B-CPAP among all tested PTC cell lines. Overexpression of miR-1258 inhibited KTC-1 cell viability and ability to migrate and invade, whereas inhibition of miR-1258 in B-CPAP cells has the opposite effect. Furthermore, we affirmed that miR-1258 can directly target TMPRSS4, and miR-1258 can reduce the biological malignant behaviour of PTC cells via regulation of TMPRSS4. Conclusion: Taken together, our research raised the possibility that miR-1258 was an anti-oncogene, which exerts its anti-cancer function by targeting TMPRSS4. Hence, it may be possible to treat PTC by targeting the miR-1258/TMPRSS4 axis in the future. 

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