Vol 68, No 5 (2017)
Review paper
Published online: 2017-11-03

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Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis in Poland : Update 2017

Roman Lorenc, Piotr Głuszko, Edward Franek, Mirosław Jabłoński, Maciej Jaworski, Ewa Kalinka-Warzocha, Elzbieta Karczmarewicz, Tomasz Kostka, Krystyna Księzopolska-Orłowska, Ewa Marcinowska-Suchowierska, Waldemar Misiorowski, Andrzej Więcek
Pubmed: 29168548
Endokrynol Pol 2017;68(5):604-609.

Abstract

In the rapidly ageing society in Poland, osteoporosis is a growing epidemiological problem, and osteoporosis-related fractures are a cause of chronic disability and considerable increase of death risk. It turns out that 80 to 90% of patients suffering from osteoporosis, including osteoporosis accompanied by fractures, do not receive adequate pharmacotherapy. In this paper, a Guideline Working Group of experts from the Multidisciplinary Osteoporosis Forum update the existing Polish guidelines concerning the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis (last revised in 2013), taking account of the latest literature, availability and reimbursement of drugs, and current health care organisation. In the revised guidelines, we still postulate that tasks are divided between primary care doctors (stage I) and specialists in osteoporosis management (stage II). We emphasise the necessity of early initiation of pharmacotherapy and rehabilitation in all patients with low-energy fractures. We recommend that the 10-year fracture risk should be estimated in all patients (including those without fractures) who are over 50 years of age, and that the Polish threshold for therapeutic intervention should be adopted: ≥ 10% for FRAX PL calculator. We add strategies of drug choice and therapy monitoring with imaging, and densitometric and biochemical diagnostics. We define basic guidelines concerning prevention of falls, rehabilitation, and dietary procedures, and elimination of environmental and other fracture risk factors. We point to two vital elements for improving osteoporosis management: 1) strategy of supervision over fractures management — Fracture Liaison Service (FLS), and, optimally, 2) strategies of short-term monitoring of the therapeutic efficacy with the use of biochemical markers.

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