open access

Vol 68, No 5 (2017)
REVIEWS — Postgraduate Education
Published online: 2017-11-03
Submitted: 2017-04-26
Accepted: 2017-05-11
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Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis in Poland : Update 2017

Roman Lorenc, Piotr Głuszko, Edward Franek, Mirosław Jabłoński, Maciej Jaworski, Ewa Kalinka-Warzocha, Elzbieta Karczmarewicz, Tomasz Kostka, Krystyna Księzopolska-Orłowska, Ewa Marcinowska-Suchowierska, Waldemar Misiorowski, Andrzej Więcek
DOI: 10.5603/EP.2017.0062
·
Endokrynologia Polska 2017;68(5):604-609.

open access

Vol 68, No 5 (2017)
REVIEWS — Postgraduate Education
Published online: 2017-11-03
Submitted: 2017-04-26
Accepted: 2017-05-11

Abstract

In the rapidly ageing society in Poland, osteoporosis is a growing epidemiological problem, and osteoporosis-related fractures are a cause of chronic disability and considerable increase of death risk. It turns out that 80 to 90% of patients suffering from osteoporosis, including osteoporosis accompanied by fractures, do not receive adequate pharmacotherapy. In this paper, a Guideline Working Group of experts from the Multidisciplinary Osteoporosis Forum update the existing Polish guidelines concerning the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis (last revised in 2013), taking account of the latest literature, availability and reimbursement of drugs, and current health care organisation. In the revised guidelines, we still postulate that tasks are divided between primary care doctors (stage I) and specialists in osteoporosis management (stage II). We emphasise the necessity of early initiation of pharmacotherapy and rehabilitation in all patients with low-energy fractures. We recommend that the 10-year fracture risk should be estimated in all patients (including those without fractures) who are over 50 years of age, and that the Polish threshold for therapeutic intervention should be adopted: ≥ 10% for FRAX PL calculator. We add strategies of drug choice and therapy monitoring with imaging, and densitometric and biochemical diagnostics. We define basic guidelines concerning prevention of falls, rehabilitation, and dietary procedures, and elimination of environmental and other fracture risk factors. We point to two vital elements for improving osteoporosis management: 1) strategy of supervision over fractures management — Fracture Liaison Service (FLS), and, optimally, 2) strategies of short-term monitoring of the therapeutic efficacy with the use of biochemical markers.

Abstract

In the rapidly ageing society in Poland, osteoporosis is a growing epidemiological problem, and osteoporosis-related fractures are a cause of chronic disability and considerable increase of death risk. It turns out that 80 to 90% of patients suffering from osteoporosis, including osteoporosis accompanied by fractures, do not receive adequate pharmacotherapy. In this paper, a Guideline Working Group of experts from the Multidisciplinary Osteoporosis Forum update the existing Polish guidelines concerning the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis (last revised in 2013), taking account of the latest literature, availability and reimbursement of drugs, and current health care organisation. In the revised guidelines, we still postulate that tasks are divided between primary care doctors (stage I) and specialists in osteoporosis management (stage II). We emphasise the necessity of early initiation of pharmacotherapy and rehabilitation in all patients with low-energy fractures. We recommend that the 10-year fracture risk should be estimated in all patients (including those without fractures) who are over 50 years of age, and that the Polish threshold for therapeutic intervention should be adopted: ≥ 10% for FRAX PL calculator. We add strategies of drug choice and therapy monitoring with imaging, and densitometric and biochemical diagnostics. We define basic guidelines concerning prevention of falls, rehabilitation, and dietary procedures, and elimination of environmental and other fracture risk factors. We point to two vital elements for improving osteoporosis management: 1) strategy of supervision over fractures management — Fracture Liaison Service (FLS), and, optimally, 2) strategies of short-term monitoring of the therapeutic efficacy with the use of biochemical markers.

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Keywords

osteoporosis diagnosis, prevention, treatment, rehabilitation

About this article
Title

Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis in Poland : Update 2017

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 68, No 5 (2017)

Pages

604-609

Published online

2017-11-03

DOI

10.5603/EP.2017.0062

Bibliographic record

Endokrynologia Polska 2017;68(5):604-609.

Keywords

osteoporosis diagnosis
prevention
treatment
rehabilitation

Authors

Roman Lorenc
Piotr Głuszko
Edward Franek
Mirosław Jabłoński
Maciej Jaworski
Ewa Kalinka-Warzocha
Elzbieta Karczmarewicz
Tomasz Kostka
Krystyna Księzopolska-Orłowska
Ewa Marcinowska-Suchowierska
Waldemar Misiorowski
Andrzej Więcek

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