open access

Vol 68, No 5 (2017)
Original paper
Published online: 2017-08-30
Submitted: 2016-11-03
Accepted: 2017-04-24
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Is there any difference in acromegaly and other chronic disease in quality of life and psychiatric morbidity?

Dorota Maria Szcześniak, Aleksandra Jawiarczyk-Przybyłowska, Łukasz Matusiak, Anna Bolanowska, Julian Maciaszek, Małgorzata Siemińska, Joanna Rymaszewska, Marek Bolanowski
DOI: 10.5603/EP.a2017.0044
·
Pubmed: 28879648
·
Endokrynologia Polska 2017;68(5):524-532.

open access

Vol 68, No 5 (2017)
Original Paper
Published online: 2017-08-30
Submitted: 2016-11-03
Accepted: 2017-04-24

Abstract

Introduction: The study aimed to evaluate the psychological profile of patients with acromegaly in comparison to other chronic diseases such as non-functioning pituitary adenomas, Cushing disease, and plaque psoriasis, and to a healthy control group.

Material and methods: A total sample of 153 participants in clinical groups underwent a cross-sectional assessment including the quality of life (AcroQoL, WHOQoL-BREF), psychiatric morbidity (GHQ-28), and the acceptance of illness (AIS), as well as 65 participants in the healthy control group.

Results: The whole study sample had a predominance of urban married females (61%) with medium level of education (41%). Patients with acromegaly were diagnosed significantly later than patients from other clinical groups, after the onset of the first symptoms. Acromegaly was related to the presence of more symptoms of anxiety and insomnia, and poorer social relationships compared with the general population but not more than in other chronic diseases.

A better quality of life score in all domains of WHOQoL-BREF was associated with a better score on the acceptance of illness scale and lower scores on GHQ-28.

Conclusions: Psychiatric morbidity, mainly anxiety and insomnia, occurs in 50% of patients with acromegaly. However, the psychological wellbeing and mood seem to be related to other factors such as the acceptance of the illness. Thus, concerning the diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of acromegaly an interdisciplinary approach, taking into account psychological and psychiatric consultation, is needed.

Abstract

Introduction: The study aimed to evaluate the psychological profile of patients with acromegaly in comparison to other chronic diseases such as non-functioning pituitary adenomas, Cushing disease, and plaque psoriasis, and to a healthy control group.

Material and methods: A total sample of 153 participants in clinical groups underwent a cross-sectional assessment including the quality of life (AcroQoL, WHOQoL-BREF), psychiatric morbidity (GHQ-28), and the acceptance of illness (AIS), as well as 65 participants in the healthy control group.

Results: The whole study sample had a predominance of urban married females (61%) with medium level of education (41%). Patients with acromegaly were diagnosed significantly later than patients from other clinical groups, after the onset of the first symptoms. Acromegaly was related to the presence of more symptoms of anxiety and insomnia, and poorer social relationships compared with the general population but not more than in other chronic diseases.

A better quality of life score in all domains of WHOQoL-BREF was associated with a better score on the acceptance of illness scale and lower scores on GHQ-28.

Conclusions: Psychiatric morbidity, mainly anxiety and insomnia, occurs in 50% of patients with acromegaly. However, the psychological wellbeing and mood seem to be related to other factors such as the acceptance of the illness. Thus, concerning the diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of acromegaly an interdisciplinary approach, taking into account psychological and psychiatric consultation, is needed.

Get Citation

Keywords

acromegaly, chronic disease, quality of life, psychopathology

About this article
Title

Is there any difference in acromegaly and other chronic disease in quality of life and psychiatric morbidity?

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 68, No 5 (2017)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

524-532

Published online

2017-08-30

DOI

10.5603/EP.a2017.0044

Pubmed

28879648

Bibliographic record

Endokrynologia Polska 2017;68(5):524-532.

Keywords

acromegaly
chronic disease
quality of life
psychopathology

Authors

Dorota Maria Szcześniak
Aleksandra Jawiarczyk-Przybyłowska
Łukasz Matusiak
Anna Bolanowska
Julian Maciaszek
Małgorzata Siemińska
Joanna Rymaszewska
Marek Bolanowski

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